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Course: Introduction to solid state physics

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/UFPL

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'doc. Mgr. Jan Soubusta, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Introduction to structure of solids.

Course review:
- Historical development of the knowledge about the matter structure, Bohr's atomic model - Crystals, periodic arrangement of atoms, crystal symmetry, crystal lattice, group of the symmetry operations - Crystallography, typical crystal structures, metals, salt, semiconductors - Primitive and elemental unit cell, Miller indices of important directions and planes in the crystal structure - Mathematical description of symmetry operations, proper and improper rotations. Implementation of the translation symmetry operation and its consequences - Calculations of typical geometric parameters of the crystal lattice - Experimental diffraction methods for revealing structure of crystals, Bragg's diffraction law - Description of diffraction using spatial frequencies, introduction of a reciprocal space and reciprocal elementary cells - Relationship between the crystalline structure of the sample and the measured diffraction pattern - Outline of the effect of the periodic arrangement of crystals on their physical and chemical properties