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Course: Digital Measurement Systems

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/SZZČS

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Hrabovský, DrSc.'

Annotation: Compulsory-elective final exam to receive specialization of Digital and measuring devices.

Course review:
1. Digital measuring system (computer utilization vs. autonomous device), basic classification and construction, structure (bus, star, circle, tree), centralized/decentralized measuring systems, open/closed measuring systems, laboratory measuring systems. 2. Standard interface, serial, parallel (RS-232, GPIB, etc.), modular systems, (VME, VXI, PXI, tec.), device interfaces of industrial measuring systems, Plug-in measuring cards for PC. 3. Virtual instrumentation, programmed tools, VISA controllers, development environment for measurement applications, programming of measuring systems, SCPI standard, environment LabView. 4. Physical basics of electrical circuits theory, basic terms and definitions, circuit components and their properties, two-pole components, multi-pole components, particular examples of two-pole components, four-pole components and two-terminal-pair networks. 5. Principles and properties of semiconducting components, internal photoelectric effect and photoconductance, electroluminescence, galvanomagnetic effect, thermomagnetic effect, thermoelectric effect and Peltier effect), PN junction and its volt-ampere characteristics, semiconducting components with one active PN junction. 6. Semiconducting components with two active PN junctions - bipolar transistors, semiconducting components with more than two PN junctions, unipolar transistors. Use and simple connections of semiconducting components (amplifiers, flip-flop circuits, oscillators, etc.). 7. Operational amplifiers: basic properties of operational amplifiers, types of operational amplifiers, external circuits of operational amplifiers basic electrical connections for mathematic operations - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, raising to the power, extracting, differentiation and integration. 8. Stabilizers of voltage and current with using selected connections with operational amplifiers - computing of stabilizer parameters, design of voltage stabilizer with current limiter. 9. Electronic switching circuits - multiplexers a de-multiplexers, electronic inverters, signal samplers and their properties. 10. Logic integrated electrical circuits: Boolean algebra and logic functions, logic operators, memories, counters, AD and DA converters. 11. Electronic systems: transmitters, receivers, modulators, converters, demodulators, magnetron, converters of electrical physical quantities on non-electrical physical quantities and vice versa. 12. Image sensors, CCD, screen, detectors of electromagnetic radiation, optoelectronic image systems. 13. Mathematical model, computer model (numerical integration, Euler method). 14. Modeling of stochastic phenomena (method Monte Carlo), congruent methods of generation of stochastic quantities. 15. Modeling and simulation of digital systems (hazardous states, delays), diagnostic of logic circuits (failure, test).