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Course: Experimental Cosmology

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/PGSEK

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'RNDr. Michael Prouza, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The aim is to provide overview of the current cosmology with the focus on the modern experimental methods of determination of parameters of the universe.

Course review:
Fridman models of the universe, Hubble redshift, theory of Big Bang, its motivation and historic alternatives. Primordial nuclesynthesis. Inflation theory. Current model of the universe and the role of the cosmological constant. The modern methods of the determination of cosmological parameters. Sky surveys - the large-scale structure of the universe, baryon accoustic oscillations, weak gravitational lensing (cosmic shear), supernovae of type Ia. Microwave radiation and analysis of its power spectrum, Sunayev-Zeldovich effect and integrated Sachse-Wolfe effect. Cosmic tomography. Simulations of the evolution of the universe. Mutual benefits of cosmology and particle physics.