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Course: Astroparticle physics and cosmology

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/PGS8A

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'RNDr. Michael Prouza, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Students are assumed to master the topics described in the content of the subject.

Course review:
The goal of the lectures is to bring students an overview of current problems in astroparticle physics and cosmology. Besides the theoretical grounds, the experimental aspects will be presented with emphasis on current and near-future experimetal facilities. Astroparticle physics Cosmic and reactor neutrinos, proton decay, direct and indirect dark matter detection, gravitational waves. Cosmic rays: theory of the acceleration mechanism, array of surface detectors for the EM component detection, and of muons and hadrons; fluorescent techniques, Cherenkov detectors, radio-waves detection. Current experiments (AUGER, KASCADE-GRANDE, Telescope Array, FAST, Cherenkov Telescope Array). Cosmology Fridman models of the Universe, Hubble redshift, theory of the Big Bang, its motivation and historic alternatives. Primordial nuclesynthesis. Inflation theory. Current model of the Universe and the role of the cosmological constant. Modern methods of the determination of cosmological parameters. Sky surveys - the large-scale structure of the universe, baryon accoustic oscillations, weak gravitational lensing (cosmic shear), supernovae of type Ia. Microwave radiation and analysis of its power spectrum, Sunayev-Zeldovich effect and integrated Sachse-Wolfe effect. Cosmic tomography. Simulations of the evolution of the Universe. Mutual benefits of cosmology and particle physics. Project LSST.