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Course: Classical optics

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/PGS6K

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Hrabovský, DrSc.'

Annotation: Students are assumed to master the topics described in the content of the subject.

Course review:
Light as wave, Maxwell equations, wave equation, group velocity. Fourier transform - continuous and discrete, sampling theorem, aliasing. Fresnel transform, shift theorem, tilt theorem, sampling theorem for Fresnel transform. Complex representation of wave field, Hilbert transform, uncertainty relation. Kirchhoff and Rayleigh - Sommerfeld diffraction integral. Fresnel diffraction on periodic structures, Talbot effect. Propagation of light in a three dimensional space - Ewald sphere, axicon, light needle. Depth of focus and resolution. Spatial coherence - spatial coherence function, van Cittert - Zernike theorem, intensity correlation. Image formation with incoherent light, convolution theory, Duffieux formula. Optical transfer function and its measurement. Image formation with partially coherent light. Theory of coherence, amplitude division, division of the wavefront, division by grating diffraction, division by scattering. Polarization of light, polarization phenomena, Jones vector and Jones matrix, Stokes parameters and Müller matrix, Poincaré sphere, ellipsometry, birefringence.