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Course: Optics

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/SZZA3

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Hradil, CSc.'

Annotation: Electromagnetic theory of light, phase velocity, refractive index of optical media, dispersion,

Course review:
-Electromagnetic theory of light, phase velocity, refractive index of optical media, dispersion, Huygens principle, law of refraction and refraction, reflectance, transmission and absorption of dielectrics, Fresnel equations, anisotropic medium -Geometrical optics, propagation of optical beam through a prism, wedge block, plan- parallel platelet, totally reflecting prisms and through optical fibres, geometrical imaging by mirrors and lenses, basic optical instruments (magnifying glass, microscope, binoculars and refractometer) -Coherence and interference of light, conditions for coherence of light, double-beam and multi-beam interference of light and their usage, principle of optical holography -Diffraction of light, classification of diffraction phenomena, Fraunhofer diffraction of light at a slit, circular slot and at an optical grating, resolution limit of optical instruments, basics of Fourier optics -Polarization of light, characteristics of polarization states of light, Jones vector, polarization by scattering, reflection, refraction, birefringence and by selective absorption, Polarizers and analyzers of light, optical activity of a matter -Radiometry and photometry, basic radiometric and photometric quantities and their relations, units of radiometric and photometric quantities, basics of detection and dosimetry of ionization radiation -Physical basics of photonics, lasers, sources and detectors, basics of statistical and photonic optics, nonlinear optics, optoelectronics and acoustooptics, optical communication, basics of holography and optical processing of information, basics of waveguide, fibre and integrated optics