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# SZZA2

**Course:** Electricity, Magnetism and Atom. Physics

**Department/Abbreviation:** OPT/SZZA2

**Year:** 2021

**Guarantee:** 'prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Hradil, CSc.'

**Annotation:** To show the overview in electromagnetic and atomistic theories.

**Course review:**

Temperature and heat, thermal state of the objects, temperature and its measurements, thermal extension of solid and liquid materials, thermal extension and expansion of gases, Gay-Lussac and Charles law, equation of state of gases, absolute temperature, heat and heat capacity of a matter, propagation of heat by conduction, convection and radiation
-Kinetic theory of gases, principle of molecular chaos, basic equation for pressure of a gas, equipartition theorem, internal energy of an ideal gas, Maxwell law of distribution of velocities of gases and its analysis, mean free path of a molecule, real gases, van der Waals equation, Joule-Thomson phenomenon
-Phase transitions, melting, solidification, condensation, evaporation and sublimation of a matter, latent heats, Clausius-Clapeyeron equation and its consequences, saturated vapour, superheated vapour, critical state of a matter, triple point and phase diagrams
-Thermodynamics, thermodynamic system and its internal energy, laws of thermodynamics, the first law of thermodynamics and its application on an ideal gas, processes in an ideal gas (spontaneous, artificial, reversible and irreversible thermodynamic processes), the second law of thermodynamics, definition of entropy, thermodynamic potentials and relations between them
-Steady direct electric current, electric current and density of electric current, Ohm law in differential and integral form, resistance and conductivity of the conductors, electromotive voltage, Kirchhoff laws, basic circuits of electric current
-Work and power of electric current, conduction of steady electric current in the metals, electrolytes, gases and in vacuum
-Conduction of electric current in semiconductors, physical principles of modern electronic elements (semiconducting diode, transistors, MOS structure, integrated circuits, converters of thermal and light energy to electric energy)
-Stationary magnetic field, vector of magnetic flux density and magnetic field intensity, magnetic induction flux, Laplace law and its usage for calculation of magnetic field around conductors with electric current, forces acting on moving electric charge in a magnetic field, forces acting on electric current in a conductor in a magnetic field, influence of medium on a magnetic field
-Electromagnetic induction, Faraday law of electromagnetic induction, Lenz rule, intrinsic and mutual inductance of conductors, origin and properties of alternating electric current, basic circuits of alternating electric current and methods of their solving, power of alternating electric current, transformation of alternating electric current
-Oscillation circuits, origin of electromagnetic waves, Maxwell equations and their physical interpretation, propagation of harmonic electromagnetic waves in vacuum and in homogeneous isotropic dielectrics