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Course: Crystal Optics

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/OK

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Bouchal, Dr.'

Annotation: Description, classification and use of anisotropic materials, propagation of light in uniaxial and biaxial crystals

Course review:
1. Description, classification, properties and use of anisotropic materials. 2. Description of light polarization, Jones matrices, Stokes parameters. 3. Propagation of light through anisotropic medium, Fresnel surface of wave normals. Properties of uniaxial and biaxial crystals. 4. Wavefronts and rays in anisotropic medium, birefringence. Refractive index ellipsoid. 5. Principle of operation, matrix description and implementation of phase plates. 6. Ideal polarizer and methods of its realization, matrix description of light passage through birefringent elements. 7. Principle of operation of Savart plate and prisms for polarization sensitive transverse displacement of rays. 8. Polarization filters, principle of operation, mathematical description and use, Šolc's and Lyot's filter. 9. Description, properties and use of gyrotropic media. 10. Nature and use of electro-optical effects, Pockels electro-optical effects in KDP and LiNbO3 crystals. 11. Intensity and phase electro-optical modulation of light. Electro-optical frequency modulation. 12. Principle and realization of electro-optical deflection of laser beam, use of electro-optical effect in the design of spatial light modulators. 13. Principle of polarization selective methods for transformation of geometric phase of light.