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Course: Physical Principles in Photonics

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/FZF

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. Mgr. Jaromír Fiurášek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Studets shall become familiar with modern areas of optics. Students should obtain a basic overview of the content of disciplines such as nonlinear optics, laser physics, optical communications, quantum optics, optical quantum information processing, and integrated optics.

Course review:
Laser - physical basics of lasers, characteristics of laser light, laser as an amplifier, classification of lasers, application of lasers Sources and detectors - LED, semiconducting laser, semiconducting detectors, photovoltaic cell, avalanche diode, PIN diode, infrared detectors, matrix detectors Statistical and photon optics - statistical properties of light, interference and partial coherence, partial polarization, photon counting, quantum states of light Non-linear optics - non-linear optical materials, non-linear optical phenomena of the second and the third order, coherent propagation of impulses Electro- and acousto-optics: basics of electro-optics, electro-optical elements, interaction of light with sound, acousto-optical elements Optical communication - coding and decoding of optical signal, optical networks, their possibilities Processing of information - optical interconnections, switches, bistable optical elements, logic optical elements, optical processor, architecture of optical computers Optical Quantum information processing - quantum bits encoded into states of single photons, sources of entangled photon pairs, quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation, optical quantum computers Waveguide and fibre optics - conduction of light, types of waveguides, technology of preparation of waveguides, applications Integrated optics - integrated optical systems, technology of their, applications Demonstrations from modern optics: lasers, nonlinear elements, interference and coherence, detection, holography, waveguides