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Course: Astronomy

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/AST

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. Mgr. Jaroslav Řeháček, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Basics of astronomy.

Course review:
1. History of astronomy. 2. Radiation, radiation sources, black body, magnitudo, detection in different spectral bands. 3. Astronomical coordinates I - alt-azimuth, equatorial 1st kind. 4. Astronomical coordinates II - equatorial 2nd kind, ecliptical. 5. Ralationship between coordinate systems - daily/yearly motion, visibility of celestial bodies, twilights. 6. Motion of Sun, Moon and planets in the heavens, planet aspects. 7. Time, calendar, sideral time. 8. Corrections: precession, nutation, refraction, aberation, paralax. 9. Basics of celestial mechanics, orbital elements, Kepler laws, calculation of planet positions. 10. Solar system, transfer orbits, gravity assist. 11. Deep space objects, Milky way, local cluster of galaxies, supergalaxy. 12. Introduction to astrophysics, HR diagram, structure and evolution of stars, supernovae. 13. Basics of observational astronomy. Practical demonstration.