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Course: Nanotechnology 1

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZAN1E

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The aim of the subject is to familiarize students with basic kinds of nanomaterials and nanostructures, their physical ways of preparation and methods of analysis of their properties. Students are further informed about various applications of nanomaterials and nanostructures.

Course review:
1) Introduction to nanotechnology - Definition of nanotechnology, brief history (applications, contexts) - Types of nanomaterials (classification of nanomaterials based on dimensionality) - Context with quantum physics - Basic processes of nanomaterial syntheses (concepts of top-down and bottom-up approaches) 2) Physical basics of nanotechnology - Quantum limitations, surface effects - Scaling laws (effect of lowering on physical properties) - Limits of size 3) Nanoparticles I: structure - FCC, BCC and other related nanoparticles - Clusters and magic numbers - Optical and transport properties - Different types of clusters 4) Nanoparticles II: synthesis and applications - Characterization of nanoparticles, particle size distribution - Methods of preparation of nanoparticles (sol-gel, from gas phase, thermal decomposition, laser ablation etc.) - A control of particle size distribution, stabilization - Selected applications 5) Nanofilms - Metods of synthesis of thin layers (CVD, sputtering, MBE etc.) - Characterization of thin films - Selected applications 6) Nanowires - Properites of nanowires - Balistic transport - Methods of synthesis of nanorods (VLS synthesis) - Application of nanorods 7) Carbon nanostructures - Hybridization of carbon, unconventional bonds, bulk carbon structures - Graphene and its properties and applications - Carbon nanotubes and their properties and applications - Fullerenes and their properties and applications - Carbon quantum dots and nanodiamonds and their properties and applications 8) Nanocomposites and porous materials - Definition of nanocomposites, differences from microcomposites - Bulk nanostructure materials - Mechanical, electrical, transport, and optical properties of nanocomposites and porous materials - Nanocomposite glasses and their properties and applications - Porous silicon - Zeolites, their properties and applications 9) Physical forces in nanoworld - Covalent, metallic, and ionic bonds - van der Waals forces and their nature - Casimir force - Hydrogen bond - Other intersurface forces 10) Litography I - Fundamentals of lithography - Resists - Lithography by using of beams (FIB, EBL) 11) Scanning probe nanolithography - Local anodic oxidation - Dip-pen nanolitography 12) One-electron tunneling and Coulomb blockade 13) Selfassembly and bottom-up techniques - Principles of selfassembly and selforganization - Selfassembled monolayers and other structures - DNA nanolitography