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Course: Applied Nanotechnology

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/PGSAN

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Mašláň, CSc.', 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The aim is to introduce students with applications of nanotechnology: methods of nanofabrication, application of basic nanostructures and nanodevices and characterization methods.

Course review:
1. Microscopic methods for nanoscale o Atomic force microscopy (AM-AFM, FM-AFM, sample preparation), TERS o Electron microscopy (SEM, TEM), sample preparation o Electron tomography 2. Nanofabrication methods o Fundamentals of nanofabrication o Lithography (principles, resists, subtractive and aditive techniques) o Layer preparation (evaporation, sputtering, CVD, MBE) o Electron beam and ion beam lithography o Softlithography (nanoimprint, microcontact print) o Self-assembly and self-assembled monolayers, molecular film deposition o Scanning probe nanolithography (atomic, electric, force and other methods) o DNA nanoconstruction 3. Nanoparticles o Definition and their basic properties o Preparation of nanoparticles (shape, physical and chemical methods), stabilization o Application of nanoparticles (catalysis, optical and magnetic properties, bioapplications) o Fullerens (preparation and properties), fullerites, fullerides o Nanofluids, ferrofluids and colloidal crystals 4. Nanowires - definition, preparation and applications 5. Nanotubes o Graphene, structure of carbon nanotubes and their synthesis o Applications of CNT 6. Other nanosystems o Dendrimers, supramolecules, block polymers o Miceles, nanofibers 7. Manipulation with nanoobjects o Manipulation by SPM and FIB o Optical and magnetic tweezers o Nanomanipulators o Microtools 8. Biomimetics 9. Nanoelectronic systems o Basis and limitations of present integrated electronics o Microvacuum electronics o Computer systems adaptation for nanotechnology (reconfiguration, special gates) o Softcomputing o Bioinspiration (neurons, DNA computers) 10. Nanoelectronic technologies o General requirements o Molecular cascades o Molecular electronics (principles, elements and gates) o Resonant tunneling diodes and transistors o Lasers with quantum well and cascade o One-photon light detectors and sources o Quantum cellular automata o Single-electron devices o Supraconductive electronics 11. Microsystem technologies o definitions, technologies and materials o MST sensors (pressure, accelerometers, gyroscopes, chemical) o Optical systems (micromirrors, MST switching) o RF-MEMS (capacitors, inductors, switches, resonators) 12. Microcantilever o Derivation of parameters, dissipation o Measurement of cantilever deflection 13. Microactuators o Cantilever as an actuator o Step motors o Rotary motors 14. Microfluidic devices 15. Nanoelectromechanical systems o Definitions and comparison with MEMS o Nanotube NEMS o Selected NEMS devices 16. Molecular devices o Fundamentals of molecular devices o Spontaneous movement and molecular tools o Natural motors 17. Measurement in nanoworld o Cantilever as a measurement system o Selected measurement techniques based on nanosystems 18. Nanometrology o Optical and X-ray interferometry COXI o Metrological AFM o Nanostandards