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Course: Physics and its Applications

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/PGFV

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

Annotation: Diagnostic physical methods in medicine. Biosignals.

Course review:
Introduction - scope and main aims of medical physics and its position in medicine Molecular biophysics - molecular properties of gases, liquids and solids, laws about gases and their meaning for breathing, solubility of gases in liquids, adsorption Viscosity of liquids and blood flow - water and its properties, distribution and role of water in organism, disperse systems (solutions), diffusion and osmosis, osmotic pressure and its biological importance, izotonia Biophysics of cells and biopotencials - Structure and properties of biological membrane, ion composition of body fluids, resting membrane potential, action potential, origin and propagation of action potential Intrinsic and mediated biosignals - sensors and detectors Action potential of heart and brain - function of conversion heart system, EKG scanning, basic profile of the curve, electric heart axis Byophysics of blood circulation - heart as a pump, minute heart output, blood pressure, behaviour and regulation, measurement of blood pressure Properties of blood and blood vessels - peripheral resistance, mechanic work and power of heart, transcapillary exchange of fluids, mechanism of swelling formation Biomechanics of breathing - vital capacity and pulmonary capacity, investigation methods of respiratory system Biophysics of sense perception - general principles, visual analyzer, colour and stereoscopic vision, vision defects and their corrections, acoustic analyzer, biophysics of hearing, investigation of ear, hearing defects and their corrections, audiometry Diagnostic physical methods in medicine (introduction) - CT, MRI, PET, SPECT, ultrasound diagnostics