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Course: Medical Instrumentation

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/LPT

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

Annotation: Diagnostic methods, diagnostic applications of biopotentials , displaying methods in medical diagnostics, CT, MRI, ultrasound diagnostics, endoscopic diagnostic. Therapeutic methods.

Course review:
Diagnostic methods - definition of biosignal and its role in diagnostic-information system, amplifiers of biopotentials, sensing electrodes, origin, scanning and diagnostic applications of biopotentials (EKG, EMG, EEG), phonocardiography, measurement of blood flow and minute blood volume, pletysmography, measurement of blood pressure and pulse rate, devices for measurement of mechanics of breathing, classical X-ray diagnostic methods (skiascopy, skiagraphy), displaying methods in medical diagnostics, CT, MRI, ultrasound diagnostics (displaying, measuring of blood flow), endoscopic diagnostic (therapeutic) methods (construction of endoscope) Therapeutic methods - defibrillators, cardiac pacemakers, neuromuscular stimulators, urostimulators, gastrostimulators, magnetotherapy, diathermy, ultrasound therapy, treatment by ionization radiation - nuclear medicine, radiotherapy, Leksell gamma knife Surgical methods - kryosurgery, electrotomy and thermocoagulation, ultrasound surgery, applications of impulse waves, lasers and their medical uses Other methods - ventilating and anesthesiological systems, extra-corporeal cardiopulmonary circulation, extra-corporeal renal circulation (haemodialysis, haemofiltration, plasmapherosis), cardiac pacemakers, electrodes, hearing supports </ul>