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Course: Philosophy of Natural Sciences

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FZPV

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Lukáš Richterek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The course deals with philosophical, historical and gnoseological aspects of natural sciences, namely to the survey of main philosophical systems, metodology of natural sciences, gnoseological problems of natural sciences and the role of science in society.

Course review:
<ol> <li>The relation between philosophy and sciences</li> <li>Philosophy and main main philosophical streams</li> <li>Science as a set of informations and as an research activity</li> <li>Classification of sciences</li> <li>Subject of natiral sciences</li> <li>Methods of natural sciences</li> <li>Prerequisites of research</li> <li>Metodology</li> <li>Mathematics as a language of natural sciences</li> <li>Scientific methods</li> <li>Empirical methods (watching, experiment)</li> <li>Logical metods (induction, deduction, analysis, synthesis, comparation, abstraction, generalization, analogiy, modelling, thought experiment</li> <li>Logical instruments of sciences (classification, hypothesis, theory, law)</li> <li>Science in the context of society (ethics, politics, ideology and religion)</li> <li>Errors an mistakes in science, science and pseudoscience</li> </ol>