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Course: Computer Appl. in Measuring Systems

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/APMS

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'doc. Ing. Luděk Bartoněk, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The subject aims to acquaint students with the use of computers in terms of prediction and obtain data from physical measurements, while achieving maximum accuracy. The introductory section provides an interpretation of the basic principles of analog programming. The main part deals with digital computers, buses, memory subsystems, basic programming techniques inputs and outputs using standard interface microcontrollers with a focus on the collection (acquisition) and data processing (data processing) from physics experiments. These problems are supplemented by selected topics from the theory of experiment planning, information technology and the use of visual information in the physical measurements.

Course review:
1.Basic principles of representation and processing of continuous signals (analog computers), accuracy, types of calculations (sum, differentiation, integration), A/D, D/A conversions signals. 2.Digital processing of experimental data - the accuracy and resolution, variable types (real, integer), the structure and types of data files, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) Unicode? Standard. 3.The bus digital computers (PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect) - AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port, PCI Express, I2C (Inter-IC bus), conceptual traits, characteristics, technology, bus used for laboratory purposes, principles of communication. 4.Storage subsystem digital microprocessors. Rellocatable memory, memory virtualization. prealokace, swapping, Expanded Memory Specification (EMS) and their cooperation with peripherals. Physical interpretation of memory. 5.Processing unit (CPU Central Processing Unit) - RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing, CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computing), structure, functions. 6.Interface microcomputers - basic programming techniques for data input and output RS 232-C, Centronics, fashion SPP (Standard Parallel Port), EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port), ECP (Enhanced Capability Port), USB (Universal Serial Bus), IEEE 488 (GPIB), IEEE 1394, addressing the I / O devices, techniques, management of data entry, system interruption, analysis of achievable speed. 7.Internet Communications - Structure and transmission of information on the Internet, LAN (Local Area Network), MAN (Metropolitan Area Network), WAN (Wide Area Network) communication protocol TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol), HUB, Switch. 8.Design of Experiments - (design of experiments, experimental design) regression analysis - basic concepts, least squares method, assumptions regression analysis of time series, demonstrations of methods of modeling time series. 9.Video information - digital cameras, image files, basic operations and transformation of image files, applications of video measurement. 10.Example of real applications using the available software products (ASM, VB, VC ++, Matlab, LabView).