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(Předměty KEF a SLO)
Rozpis přednášek ZANAN/ZANAT
Jednotlivé přednášky mají různí přednášející podle níže uvedeného rozpisu.
Místo a čas: úterý 13.15–14.45 na učebně LP5008
Základy nanotechnologií
Course: Nanotechnology
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANAN
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'
Annotation: Introduction to the nanotechnology and its applications.
Course review:
Fundamentals of nanotechnology
Introduction into quantum mechanics
Nanoscopy
Structure of nanomaterials
Solidstate synthesis of nanomaterials
Carbon nanostructures
Photonic nanostructures
Lithography
Applications of nanotechnology in medicine
Applications of nanotechnology in environment
Riscs of nanotechnology
Lékařská přístrojová technika 2
Course: Medical Instrumentation 2
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/LPT2
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'
Annotation:

Diagnostic methods, diagnostic applications of biopotentials , displaying methods in medical diagnostics, CT, MRI, ultrasound diagnostics, endoscopic diagnostic. Therapeutic methods .
Course review:
Diagnostic methods  definition of biosignal and its role in diagnosticinformation system, amplifiers of biopotentials, sensing electrodes, origin, scanning and diagnostic applications of biopotentials (EKG, EMG, EEG), phonocardiography, measurement of blood flow and minute blood volume, pletysmography, measurement of blood pressure and pulse rate, devices for measurement of mechanics of breathing, classical Xray diagnostic methods (skiascopy, skiagraphy), displaying methods in medical diagnostics, CT, MRI, ultrasound diagnostics (displaying, measuring of blood flow), endoscopic diagnostic (therapeutic) methods (construction of endoscope)
Therapeutic methods  defibrillators, cardiac pacemakers, neuromuscular stimulators, urostimulators, gastrostimulators, magnetotherapy, diathermy, ultrasound therapy, treatment by ionization radiation  nuclear medicine, radiotherapy, Leksell gamma knife
Surgical methods  kryosurgery, electrotomy and thermocoagulation, ultrasound surgery, applications of impulse waves, lasers and their medical uses
Other methods  ventilating and anesthesiological systems, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary circulation, extracorporeal renal circulation (haemodialysis, haemofiltration, plasmapherosis), cardiac pacemakers, electrodes, hearing supports
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Prezentace (ZIP PDF 18 MiB)
Přehledová prezentace (PDF 3,5 MiB)
Fyzika II (mech., molekul. fyz.)
Course: Physics 2 (Mechanics and Mol. Physics)
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FYB2
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'Mgr. Lukáš Richterek, Ph.D.'
Annotation: Selected topics in mechanics, oscilations and waves and molecular physics and thermodynamics at the level of the basic undergraduate course.
Course review:
 Classification of physical quantities, system of SI units
 Kinematics of mass point
 Dynamics of mass point
 Gravitational field, motions in the gravitational field of the Earth
 System of mass points, solids
 Oscillations and waves
 Hydrostatics and hydrodynamics
 Molecular physics
 Basics of thermodynamics
 Acoustics  origin of sound, propagation of sound, ultrasound
Teoretická mechanika
Course: Fundamentals of Mechanics
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/TMN
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'Mgr. Lukáš Richterek, Ph.D.'
Annotation: Introduction to the study of theoretical physics, Lagrange formalism of mechanics, Mechanics of a solid body, Hamilton formalism of mechanics. Introduction to mechanics of continuum.
Course review:
 Introduction to the study of theoretical physics, mechanics of a particles and particle system, components of velocity and acceleration, velocity and acceleration in curvilinear coordinates, dynamics of a particle, Newton Laws, particular problem from dynamics of a particle, system of particles, d'Alembert principle and equations of motion of a particle system, centre of mass of a system, classical integrals of motion, motion of a particle with variable mass
 Lagrange formalism of mechanics, systems subjected to bonds, classification of bonds, principle of virtual work and it applications, d'AlembertLagrange principle, Lagrange equations of the first kind and the second kind and their solutions for some particular situations, small oscillations of mechanical systems
 Mechanics of a solid body, basic terms from kinematics of a solid body, translation and rotation of a solid body, tensor of inertia and moments of inertia, Euler equations, motion of flywheels, motions in rotating systems
 Hamilton formalism of mechanics, Hamilton principle, Hamilton canonic equations, canonic transformations and their invariants, laws of conservation
 Introduction to mechanics of continuum, tensor of stress, volume and surface forces, vector of stress, equation of equilibrium of continuum, equations of motion of continuum, vector of displacement and tensor of deformation, generalized Hook Law, equation of equilibrium of an isotropic elastic body, equations of motion of an isotropic elastic body, oscillations and waves in an elastic body, vibration of elastic bodies, equation of a string
 Basics of mechanics of fluids, statics of fluids, equations of motion of an ideal fluid and their integrals, irrotational (steady) flow, motion of a viscous fluid, NavierStokes equation and theory of similarity
Stránka se studijními materiály
Praktikum z elektroniky
Course: Practicals in Electronics
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/PEL
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'
Annotation: Experimental measurements in electronics.
Course review:
Measurements of properties of passive semiconducting twopole circuit components
Properties of rectifiers of AC current  oneway and twoway rectifiers, smoothing, factor of stabilization
Measurements of static characteristics of bipolar transistor and singlestage transistor amplifier
Static applications of operational amplifiers  nonsignchanging and signchanging amplifiers, summators, rectifiers
Dynamical applications of operational amplifiers  differentiators, integrators, active filters, synthetic inductances
Combinational logic circuits  basic logic gates, realization of logic functions, digital summators, multiplexers
Sequential logic circuits  flipflop circuits, shift and circular registers, counters
Harmonic analysis of electrical signals  spectrum of sine, rectangular and rectified signal, distortion of an amplifier in a saturation
Timer 555
Skripta (PDF 2,2 MiB)
Termodynamika a statistická fyzika
Course: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
Department/Abbreviation: SLO/TSFN
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina, Ph.D.'
Annotation: Understand the basic methods in the description of systems in thermodynamics and statistical physics.
Course review:
 The first law of thermodynamics, state parameters, state equations, state of thermodynamic equilibrium
 Heat, adiabatic process, reversible and irreversible processes, heat capacity, the second law of thermodynamics, Caratheodor principle, absolute temperature, entropy, Carnot cycle
 Thermodynamic potentials, JouleThompson phenomenon
 Thermodynamics of systems with variable number of particles, chemical potentials, grandcanonical potential, GibbsDuhem equation, thermodynamic potentials of dielectrics and magnetics
 Thermodynamic potentials of nonequilibrium systems, principle of increase of entropy, conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium, GuldbergWage law, BraunLe Chatelier principle, Gibbs rule of phases
 Phase transitions, phase transitions of the first order, ClausiusClapeyron equations, phase transitions of the second order, Ehrenfest equations, Landau theory of phase transitions of the second order, transition from ferromagnetism to paramagnetism, CurieWeiss law
 The third thermodynamic law
 Description of manyparticle system, phase space, laws of conservation (Noether theorem), statistical set, Liouville theorem, ergodic problem, Tolman hypothesis, density of quantum states
 Microcanonical, canonical and grandcanonical set, equation of state of canonical system, entropy
 Statistical division of the system of free particles, formalism of the second quantization, grandcanonical partition function, distribution laws of ideal gases
 Ideal MaxwellBoltzmann gas, equipartition theorem, specific heats of model physical systems, chemical reaction in gaseous mixture, ideal fermion gas, electron gas in homogeneous magnetic field, diamagnetism, paramagnetism, Curie law
 Ideal boson gas, radiation of absolutely black body, Planck law, phonon systems, Einstein model of the crystal, Debye theory of heat capacities
 Boltzmann nonideal gas, virial equation of state, Einstein theory of fluctuations, Onsager relations of reciprocity
Fyzikální praktikum (elektřina a magnetismus)
Course: Practicals in Electricity and Magnetism
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FP2
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'
Annotation: Laboratory tasks in electricity and magnetism.
Course review:
Circuit components in DC electric circuits  behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, methods of solving of electrical circuits, resistor bridges
Circuit components in AC electric circuits  behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, measurements of capacitances, solving of electrical circuits and principle of superposition
Nonlinear and controlled electrical components  characteristics of transil, thermistor, diode and light bulbs, contact resistance
Basic properties of RLC electrical circuits  voltage on individual circuit components, currents in AC electrical circuits,
Work with oscilloscope  basic operations of oscilloscope, characteristics of signals, True RMS values, Lissajous curves and measurement of phase shifts
Magnetic circuit and magnetization curves  measurement of hysteresis loops, transformers, power losses in magnetic circuits
Thermal dependence of electrical parameters
Electromagnetic induction and magnetic field of coils
Electrostatics
Skripta (PDF 2,3 MiB)
Molekulová fyzika a termodynamika
Course: Molecular Physics and Thermodynamics
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/MFT
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'RNDr. Renata Holubová, CSc.'
Annotation: Molecular physics and thermodynamics  a part of the basic course of physics for all physics students.
Course review:
 Basic findings of molecular physics: particle structure of the matter, atoms and molecules, number of moles, molar quantities, particle in a force field of the other particles, Brownian motion
 Thermodynamic system, state of a system equilibrium state, equilibrium process, reversible and irreversible processes, equilibrium state of a gas as a state with maximum probability, internal energy of a system, heat, ideal gas
 Laws of ideal gas
 Molecular kinetic theory of gases, Maxwell Law, analysis of the Maxwell Law.
 Thermodynamics  the laws of thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic functions
 Transport phenomena: heat conduction, Fourier equation for heat conduction, heat convection, radiation, diffusion, the First and the Second Fick Law, internal friction
 Phase transitions, ClausiusClapeyron equation
 Real gases, JouleThomson phenomenon, condensation of gases
 Solids: crystalline and amorphous solids, crystal lattice and lattice parameters, energy of a crystal lattice, classification of crystals, crystal defects, thermal properties of solids, thermal linear and volume expansion, molar heat capacity of solids
 Liquids: structure of liquids, diffusion of liquids, osmosis, osmotic pressure, biological importance of osmosis, thermal conductance of liquids, viscosity of liquids
 Properties of liquid surface, surface layer, surface tension, pressure under curved liquid surface, capillarity, liquid compressibility, thermal expansion of liquids, water anomaly
 Thermodynamics and environmental physics
Skripta (PDF 2,6 MiB)
Fyzikální praktikum (molekulová fyzika)
Course: Practicals in Molecular Physics
Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FP3
Year: 2021 2022
Guarantee: 'RNDr. Renata Holubová, CSc.'
Annotation: Laboratory tasks for the physical practicum (molecular physics and thermodynamics).
Course review:
List of laboratory tasks for the physical practicum (molecular physics and thermodynamics)
Laws of gases
Molar heat capacity
Surface tension
Calorimetry measurement
Heat transmission
Heat conduction
Viscosity of liquids I.
Viscosity of liquids II. + measurement of specific latent heat of fusion of icetowater transformation
JouleThomson law
Adiabatic coefficient of gases
Skripta (PDF 3,7 MiB)