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ZANA1


Základy nanotechnologií 1 sticky icon

Course: Nanotechnology 1

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANA1

Year: 2016 2017

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Libor Machala, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The aim of the subject is to familiarize students with basic kinds of nanomaterials and nanostructures, their physical ways of preparation and methods of analysis of their properties. Students are further informed about various applications of nanomaterials and nanostructures.

Course review:
1. Introduction to nanotechnology ? Definition of nanotechnology, brief history (applications, contexts) ? Kinds of nanomaterials ? Context with quantum physics ? Basic processes of nanomaterial syntheses 2. Physical basics of nanotechnology ? Quantum limitations, surface effect ? Scaling laws (effect of lowering on physical properties) ? Limits of size 3. Nanoparticles I: structure ? FCC, BCC and other related ? Clusters and magic numbers ? Optical properties ? Different types of clusters 4. Nanoparticles II: synthesis and applications ? Characterization of nanoparticles, particle size distribution ? Methods of preparation of nanoparticles (sol-gel, from gas phase, thermal decomposition, laser ablation etc.) ? A control of particle size distribution, stabilization ? Selected applications 5. Nanofilms ? Metods of synthesis of thin layers (CVD, sputtering, MBE etc.) ? Characterization of thin films ? Selected applications 6. Nanowires ? Properites of nanowires ? Balistic transport ? Methods of synthesis of nanorods (VLS synthesis) ? Application of nanorods 7. Carbon nanostructures ? Hybridization of carbon, unconventional bonds, bulk carbon structures ? Graphen and its electrical conductivity ? Carbon nanotubes ? fullerens ? carbon quantum dots and nanodiamonds 8. Nanocomposites and porous materials ? Definition of nanocomposites, differences from microcomposites ? Bulk nanostructure materials ? Nanocomposite glasses ? Porous silicon ? zeolites 9. Physical forces in nanoworld ? van der Waals forces and their nature ? Casimir force ? Hydrogen bond ? Other intersurface forces 10. Litography I ? Basics of litography ? rezists ? litography by using of beams (FIB, EBL) 11. Scanning probe nanolitography ? Local anodic oxidation ? dip-pen nanolitography 12. One-electron tunneling and Coulomb blockade 13. Selfordering and bottom-up techniques ? Principles of selfordering and selforganization ? Selfordered monolayers and other structures ? DNA nanolitography