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Termodynamika a statistická fyzika sticky icon

Course: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/TSFN

Year: 2021 2022

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Understand the basic methods in the description of systems in thermodynamics and statistical physics.

Course review:
- The first law of thermodynamics, state parameters, state equations, state of thermodynamic equilibrium - Heat, adiabatic process, reversible and irreversible processes, heat capacity, the second law of thermodynamics, Caratheodor principle, absolute temperature, entropy, Carnot cycle - Thermodynamic potentials, Joule-Thompson phenomenon - Thermodynamics of systems with variable number of particles, chemical potentials, grand-canonical potential, Gibbs-Duhem equation, thermodynamic potentials of dielectrics and magnetics - Thermodynamic potentials of non-equilibrium systems, principle of increase of entropy, conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium, Guldberg-Wage law, Braun-Le Chatelier principle, Gibbs rule of phases - Phase transitions, phase transitions of the first order, Clausius-Clapeyron equations, phase transitions of the second order, Ehrenfest equations, Landau theory of phase transitions of the second order, transition from ferromagnetism to paramagnetism, Curie-Weiss law - The third thermodynamic law - Description of many-particle system, phase space, laws of conservation (Noether theorem), statistical set, Liouville theorem, ergodic problem, Tolman hypothesis, density of quantum states - Micro-canonical, canonical and grand-canonical set, equation of state of canonical system, entropy - Statistical division of the system of free particles, formalism of the second quantization, grand-canonical partition function, distribution laws of ideal gases - Ideal Maxwell-Boltzmann gas, equipartition theorem, specific heats of model physical systems, chemical reaction in gaseous mixture, ideal fermion gas, electron gas in homogeneous magnetic field, diamagnetism, paramagnetism, Curie law - Ideal boson gas, radiation of absolutely black body, Planck law, phonon systems, Einstein model of the crystal, Debye theory of heat capacities - Boltzmann non-ideal gas, virial equation of state, Einstein theory of fluctuations, Onsager relations of reciprocity