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Studium, Studijní předměty, Garantované obory studia, Začínáme studovat, Doporučená schémata studia, Zkušenosti absolventů, Témata závěrečných prací , Úspěchy našich studentů, Průvodce studiem, Aplikovaná fyzika, Přístrojová fyzika, Učitelství fyziky, Nanotechnologie, (Aplikovaná fyzika), (Přístrojová fyzika), (Nanotechnologie), (Učitelství fyziky), Pro uchazeče, Pro studenty, Absolventi, Počítačová fyzika


Číslicové měřicí systémy 3 sticky icon

Course: Digital Measuring Systems 3

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ČMS3

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Jiří Pechoušek, Ph.D.'

Annotation:

  • Programming of digital measuring systems.Programming in LabVIEW, utilization of other tools of LabVIEW (software packages).

    Course review:
    " Programování číslicových měřicích systémů, tvorba aplikací využívajících multifunkční měřicí karty (NI 6024E, NI USB-6215), tvorba aplikací v měřicím systému GPIB (karta rozhraní NI PCI-GPIB), programování systému PXI (kontrolér PXI-8156B, digitální osciloskop PXI-5102, funkční generátor PXI-5401) " Pokročilé programování v LabVIEW, využití dalších nástrojů LabVIEW (programové balíčky) " Tvorba komplexnějších měřicích systémů. - Zpracování signálu a analýza dat v SW Wolfram Mathematica.

Číslicové měřicí systémy 2 sticky icon

Course: Digital Measuring Systems 2

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ČMS2

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Jiří Pechoušek, Ph.D.'

Annotation:

  • Programming of digital measuring systems, utilization of RS-232 serial link, creation of applications using multifunctional measuring cards (NI 6024E, NI USB-6215), creation of applications in GPIB measuring system (NI PCI-GPIB interface card), communication with digital multimeter
  • Usage of SCPI standard, basic classification of devices, the most frequent commands, VISA controllers, IVI controllers
  • Advanced programming in LabVIEW

Course review:
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  • Programming of digital measuring systems, utilization of RS-232 serial link, creation of applications using multifunctional measuring cards (NI 6024E, NI USB-6215), creation of applications in GPIB measuring system (NI PCI-GPIB interface card), communication with digital multimeter
  • Usage of SCPI standard, basic classification of devices, the most frequent commands, VISA controllers, IVI controllers
  • Advanced programming in LabVIEW

  • Číslicové měřicí systémy 1 sticky icon

    Course: Digital Measuring Systems 1

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ČMS1

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Jiří Pechoušek, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: Students will reach knowledge about different types of measurement systems and its design. Main focus will be oriented to virtual instrumentation. Students know hardware and software standards used in this area.

    Course review:
    l>

  • Digital measuring system (computer utilization vs. autonomous device), basic classification and construction, structure (bus, star, circle, tree), centralized/decentralized measuring systems, open/closed measuring systems, laboratory measuring systems, standardization of device interfaces
  • Standard interface, RS-232, RS-485, IEEE 488 (GPIB), USB, IEEE 1394 (FireWire), modular systems, industrial systems, VME, VXI, CompactPCI, PXI, PC/104, MXI, device interfaces of industrial measuring systems, Foundation FieldBus, ProfiBus, CAN
  • Plug-in measuring cards for PC, virtual instrumentation, multifunctional cards, programme means, VISA controllers, development environment for measurement applications, programming of measuring systems, SCPI standard
  • LabVIEW, graphical development environment, principle of VI construction, front panel, block diagram, SubVI, work with variables, programme structures, data types of variables and constants, numbers, strings, arrays, clusters, LabVIEW project, creation of applications, installation procedure

  • Diplomový projekt sticky icon

    Course: Diploma Project

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/BDP

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: Elaboration of the diploma thesis

    Course review:
    Elaboration of diploma thesis Presentation of thesis

    Úvod do experimentální fyziky vysokých energií sticky icon

    Course: Introduction into Exp. High En. Physics

    Department/Abbreviation: SLO/EFVE

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'prof. Jan Řídký, DrSc.'

    Annotation: - Introduction to standard model of elementary particles - Types of experiments in the physics of elementary particles - Detection methods - Types of detection measuring devices - Evaluation of the measurement: elements from the probability calculus, Monte Carlo method - Present applications in the world

    Course review:
    1. "Bricks and mortar, our world is built from": - Fundamental discoverier (electron, nucleus, neutron, positron, muon,). - Paricle classification. - Contemporary state of our knowledge - basic pebbles of matter and their interactions. - Partons, deeply non-elastic scattering. - Standard model. - So far un-answered questions. 2. Interaction of partices with medium: - Passage of charged particles throug the medium in dependence of their energy. - Losses due to ionisation, radiation, Čerenkov radiation, transient radiation, multiple scattering. - Electromagnetic and hadron cascades (showers). 3. Detectors: - Particle detection methods, selected types of detectors: scintillators, Čerenkov detectors, track detectors, calorimeters. 4. Particle accelerators: - Principles of accelerating, utilized devices, linear and circular accelerators, fixed target and counter propagating beams. 5. Big temporary and future experiments on the accelerators: - Experiments on LEP and Tevatron, the most important results.

    Virtuální instrumentace v experimentech sticky icon

    Course: Virtual Instrumentation in Nucl. Physics

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/VIJF

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Jiří Pechoušek, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: During lessons, students will reach knowledge about the principles of digital signal processing in nuclear physics experiments. Practically will be demonstrated methods of analyzing the signals from detectors, recently used in the research.

    Course review:
    1. Principles of the virtual instrumentation - usage of the LabVIEW, high-performance DAQ systems application, developing of the real-time systems with RTOS (PXI, CompactRIO, FPGA). 2. Synchronization and triggering techniques - signal processing synchronization and signal generation, analog and digital trigger types, how to start measurements. 3. Detector signal processing - types of the detectors (basic characteristics, output signals), digital signal processing, DSP techniques for acquiring/shaping/analysis of impulses, spectrometer dead-time optimization. 4. Amplitude and time signal analysis - how to measure SCA and MCA spectra, methods for impulses pile-up rejection and correction, measurement of the photon/particle time-of-flight (TOF). 5. Design of the Mössbauer spectrometer in VI - principles of the DAQ in MS, synchronization for generation of the source velocity signal and detector signal analysis, data accumulation, physical principles of the Mossbauer effect. 6. Coincidence methods - principles of the coincidence/anticoincidence measurements systems, DSP techniques for TOF determination, how to measure lifetime of the excited nuclear states, design of the time differential Mössbauer spectrometer (TDMS). 7. Distributed nuclear experiments - VI the world experiments.

     

    SkriptaUčební text (PDF 6,6 MiB)

    Přihláška projektuVzorové úlohy (PDF 13 MiB)

    Proseminář z matematiky pro fyziky 1 sticky icon

    Course: Proseminar in Mathemat. for Physicists 1

    Department/Abbreviation: SLO/SMF1

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'RNDr. Pavel Horváth, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: Acquire the basic knowledge of mathematical analysis focused on physics applications.

    Course review:
    1. Mathematical logic, Mathematical language. 2. Sets, functions. 3. Real numbers. 4. Complex numbers. 5. Combinatorics and fundamentals of statistics. 6. Sequences, limits of sequences, infinite series. 7. Functions - real functions of a single real variable: The basic notions and properties of functions. 8. Elementary functions: Power, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and cyclometric functions. 9. Limit and continuity of a function. 10. Fundamentals of differential calculus: Derivative and its geometrical and physical meanings, differential, determination of functions properties. 11. Use of the software MATHEMATICA for selected themes - exercises.

     

    Matematický seminář sticky icon

    Course: Seminar in Mathematics

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/BMS

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'Mgr. Jan Říha, Ph.D.'

    Annotation:

    • Introduction to vector algebra
      • Scalar and vector physical quantities, their properties
      • Definition of a vector, vector space
      • Arithmetical and geometrical definition of a vector
      • Linear combinations of vectors, linearly-dependent and independent system vectors, bases and dimensions of vector space
      • Operation with vectors - scalar, vector and mixed product of vectors
      • Transformations of vector coordinates in curvilinear systems of coordinates used in physics
      • Use of vector calculus in physics


    • Introduction to tensor calculus
      • Anisotropic media, tensor physical quantities, their properties
      • Definition of a tensor
      • Algebraic operations with tensors
      • Transformations of tensor components
      • Tensors in physics


    • Differential calculus of a function with one variable
      • Real function of one real variable, basic types of functions, their properties
      • Limit of a function, basic rules for calculation of function limits
      • Differentiation of a function, its physical and geometrical interpretation
      • Differential of a function, its physical and geometrical interpretation
      • Differentiations of higher orders, physical interpretation of the second differentiation


    • Differential calculus of a function with two and more variables
      • Real function of more real variables
      • Partial differentiation of the first order and higher orders
      • Total differential of the first order and higher orders


    • Integral calculus of a function with one variable
      • Primitive function, indefinite integral
      • Basic methods and rules of integration
      • Definite integral and its calculation
      • Use of definite integral in geometry and physics


    • Introduction to solving of differential equations
      • Definition of differential equation
      • Solving of basic types of the first-order differential equations - equations with separable variables, homogeneous equations, linear equations
      • Solving of the second-order differential equations with constant coefficients


    • Integral calculus of a function with two and more variables
      • Double integral and its calculation
      • Triple integral and its calculation

    Course review:

    • Introduction to vector algebra
      • Scalar and vector physical quantities, their properties
      • Definition of a vector, vector space
      • Arithmetical and geometrical definition of a vector
      • Linear combinations of vectors, linearly-dependent and independent system vectors, bases and dimensions of vector space
      • Operation with vectors - scalar, vector and mixed product of vectors
      • Transformations of vector coordinates in curvilinear systems of coordinates used in physics
      • Use of vector calculus in physics


    • Introduction to tensor calculus
      • Anisotropic media, tensor physical quantities, their properties
      • Definition of a tensor
      • Algebraic operations with tensors
      • Transformations of tensor components
      • Tensors in physics


    • Differential calculus of a function with one variable
      • Real function of one real variable, basic types of functions, their properties
      • Limit of a function, basic rules for calculation of function limits
      • Differentiation of a function, its physical and geometrical interpretation
      • Differential of a function, its physical and geometrical interpretation
      • Differentiations of higher orders, physical interpretation of the second differentiation


    • Differential calculus of a function with two and more variables
      • Real function of more real variables
      • Partial differentiation of the first order and higher orders
      • Total differential of the first order and higher orders


    • Integral calculus of a function with one variable
      • Primitive function, indefinite integral
      • Basic methods and rules of integration
      • Definite integral and its calculation
      • Use of definite integral in geometry and physics


    • Introduction to solving of differential equations
      • Definition of differential equation
      • Solving of basic types of the first-order differential equations - equations with separable variables, homogeneous equations, linear equations
      • Solving of the second-order differential equations with constant coefficients


    • Integral calculus of a function with two and more variables
      • Double integral and its calculation
      • Triple integral and its calculation

    Praktikum z experimentálních technik a měřicí metody 2 sticky icon

    Course: Pract. in Exp. & Measuring Methods 2

    Department/Abbreviation: SLO/PEXT2

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Hrabovský, DrSc.'

    Annotation: The aim is to teach students some modern optical methods in practice applications.

    Course review:
    1st week: Introduction to the practicum, overview of the laboratory tasks, organization and formal affairs concerning the attendance of the classes and basic experimental elements in the optical experiment, work safety in the practicum and work with lasers List of topics of the practicum: ANALYSIS OF THE SURFACE OF THE MATERIALS - Measurement of shape and spatial structure of the surface of engineering components and optical elements by means of contact Taylor-Hobson TALYFORM roughness-meter - Determination of roughness of the surface of polished components by means of CASI scatterometer - Usage of mobile roughness-meter for optimization of technology of optical elements EVALUATION OF OPTICAL ELEMENTS - Optical methods for evaluation of the shape and dimension parameters of mirror surfaces, MEOPTA spherical interferometer - Mechanical measuring methods for checking of geometrical shapes of components - Optical transmission function, objective method of evaluation of quality of optical systems, EROS measuring device - Methods of measurement of reflectivity of optical surfaces and thin layers - Measurement by optical goniometer INTERFEROMETERS FOR MEASURING PURPOSES - Conditions for generation of interference phenomenon, visibility of interference fringes, measurement of deformation of the surface - Types of interferometers and their usage in measuring methods, Michelson interferometer for measurement of small shifts - Interference in white light MICROSCOPES - Microscope as a tool for measurement of small distances - Imaging of the structure of technical surfaces by means of laser confocal OLYMPUS LEXT microscope - Universal ZEISS microscope with micro-hardness tester

     

    Nanofotonika a nanoelektronika sticky icon

    Course: Nanophotonics and Nanoelectronics

    Department/Abbreviation: SLO/BNNE

    Year: 2018 2019

    Guarantee: 'doc. Mgr. Jan Soubusta, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: Brief introduction to nanophotonics, describing phenomena at the interface of solid state physics and optics. The lecture presents techniques of microscopy in near field and scanning probe microscopes. Next energetic conversion in nanostructures and utilization of nanostructures properties for efficiency increase is explained.

    Course review:
    - Basics of nanophotonics, spatial confinement: similarities and differences between photons and electrons, localization, tunneling. Interaction with nanostructures for photons (evanescent waves, plasma resonance) and for electrons (quantum mechanical size effect, Coulomb blockade). Overview of usage of mentioned phenomena in present and future components for optoelectronics - Photospectroscopy, overview of optical methods for studying nanostructures. Description of different methods of photoluminescence measurement utilizing microscopy and time resolution. - Near field scanning microscopy. Diffraction limit and optical system resolution. Principle of operation based on evanescent waves. Practical demonstration using scanning probe. Usage for the study of nanostructures. Principles of operation of scanning probe microscopy, study of spectroscopic properties of individual molecules. - Scanning tip microscopes, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), modification of AFM with the use of other interactions: work function, electrostatic force, magnetic force, measurement with local detection of electric current of capacity - Energy transformation in nanostructures, basics of photovoltaic phenomenon in classical solar cells, effect limiting the efficiency of photovoltaic transformation, usage of properties of nanostructures for the increase of the efficiency: multiplication of carriers, photon fusion, multiple generation of charge carriers. Basics of photoelectrochemical cells: a dye-sensitized solar cells, photoelectrochemical decomposition of water.