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Studium, Studijní předměty, Garantované obory studia, Začínáme studovat, Doporučená schémata studia, Zkušenosti absolventů, Témata závěrečných prací , Úspěchy našich studentů, Průvodce studiem, Aplikovaná fyzika, Přístrojová fyzika, Učitelství fyziky, Nanotechnologie, (Aplikovaná fyzika), (Přístrojová fyzika), (Nanotechnologie), (Učitelství fyziky), Pro uchazeče, Pro studenty, Absolventi, Počítačová fyzika


Elektřina a magnetismus sticky icon

Course: Electricity and magnetism

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/EMGU

Year: 2016 2017

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

Annotation: The subject "Electricity and Magnetism" is based on lectures, numerical ecercises and practical training in laboratory. Lectures consist of historical findings and they are evolved on the basis of recent physics. Electrical and magnetical phenomenon will presented as associated with electromagnetic field. The understanding of electrical a magnetical phenomenon and their physical context with chemistry, biology and mathematics is crucial competence in this education.

Course review:
Electrostatic field on vacuum - Coulomb Law and its application, principle of superposition, description of electrostatic field. Electrostatic field in a dielectric matter - polarization of a dielectric matter, vector of polarization, dielectric susceptibility and relative permittivity, vector of electric induction, generalized Gauss theorem, vectors of electric field intensity and induction at the interface of two dielectric materials, dielectric materials and their uses, energy of electrostatic field, electrostatic measuring devices Steady electric current - types of electric current, magnitude of electric current, density of electric current, equation of continuity. Stationary magnetic field - basic magnetic phenomena. Magnetic field in matter medium - diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials, vector of magnetization and magnetic polarization, magnetic circuit Non-stationary electromagnetic field. Basic characteristics of alternating electric current and voltage. Electric machines - transformers, generators and electromotors, three-phase electric current, rotating magnetic field, three-phase electromotors. Electromagnetic oscillations and waves . Experimental tasks: Circuit components in DC electric circuits - behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, methods of solving of electrical circuits, resistor bridges Circuit components in AC electric circuits - behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, measurements of capacitances, solving of electrical circuits and principle of superposition Nonlinear and controlled electrical components - characteristics of varistors, thermistors, diodes and light bulbs, contact resistance Basic properties of RLC electrical circuits - voltage on individual circuit components, currents in AC electrical circuits, power in AC electrical circuits, simulation software programmes Investigation of frequency properties of resonant electrical circuits - serial and parallel resonance, simulation software programmes Work with oscilloscope - basic operations of oscilloscope, characteristics of signals, True RMS values, Lissajous curves and measurement of phase shifts Magnetic circuit and magnetization curves - measurement of hysteresis loops, transformers, power losses in magnetic circuits

 

SkriptaNávod do praktik (PDF 2,3 MiB)

Fyzika 1 sticky icon

Course: Physics 1

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FYCH1

Year: 2016 2017

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

Annotation: Basic course in physics - electricity and magnetism, optics, nuclear physics.

Course review:
Electricity and magnetism Electrostatic field Electrical field in dielectrics Steady electrical current Conduction of electrical field in metals, semiconductors, electrolytes and gases Alternating electrical currents, transformation of current and voltage Non-stationary electromagnetic field, electrical oscillations and waves Optics Geometrical optics Wave optics Optical measuring instruments, atomic physics Structure of atoms Natural and artificial radioactivity Nuclear transformations and nuclear energetics Elementary particles

PřednáškaElektřina a magnetismus (PDF 1,4 MiB)

PřednáškaAtomová a jaderná fyzika (PDF 814 kiB)

Témata závěrečných prací ve Společné laboratoři optiky (AKTUALIZOVÁNO) sticky icon

Přehled témat závěrečných kvalifikačních prací (bakalářských, diplomových a disertačních) nabízených Společnou laboratoří optiky byl přepracován a umístěn na web SLO.

Základy nanotechnologií pro učitele sticky icon

Course: Nanotechnology

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANAU

Year: 2016 2017

Guarantee: 'doc. Mgr. Jiří Tuček, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Introduction to quantum mechanics. Carbon nanostructures . Nanoelectronics . Analytical measuring tools (STM, AFM) Application of nanotechnologies Risks of nanotechnologies

Course review:
> Introduction to quantum mechanics (theory and consequences)

  • Carbon nanostructures (carbon nanotubes, fullerenes)
  • Nanoparticles of metals and oxide metals
  • Nanomedicine (drug delivery, contrast agents)
  • Nanoelectronics (UVLSI, spintronics)
  • Nanofibres and nanotextiles, nanolayers (epitaxy, CDV, plasma methods)
  • Nanocomposites and constructive materials
  • Nanosensors and nanometrology
  • Analytical measuring tools (STM, AFM)
  • Application of nanotechnologies
  • Risks of nanotechnologies

    Přednášky

    Přednášky probíhají současně s předmětem KEF/ZANA1.

  • Základy nanotechnologií 2 sticky icon

    Course: Nanotechnology 2

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANA2

    Year: 2016 2017

    Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Libor Machala, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: Tento předmět navazuje na předmět Fyzikální základy nanotechnologií 1. Zaměřen na aplikace nanotechnologií.

    Course review:
    1. Magnetic and optical properties of nanostructures ? Introduction to magnetism of nanostructures ? ?new? forms of magnetism ? Nanopigments, absorption spectra 2. Magnetic applications of nanostructures ? nanomagnets ? magnetic separation and purification ? ferrofluid technologies ? magnetocaloric refrigeration ? magnetic recording media 3. Nanomaterials for special applications ? For energy storage ? Gas sensors ? Photoelectrical applications 4. Litografie II ? Projective photolitography ? Another and special litographic techniques 5. Manipulation with nanoobject ? Manipulation with nanoobjects by using of SPM, FIB a EM ? Optical and magnetic tweezer ? nanomanipulators ? microequipments 6. Introduction to nanoelectronics ? Problems of current electronics ? Adaptation for nanosystems ? Selected architectures and equipment 7. Nano and mikrosystém technologies ? Basic principles of integration ? MEMS in narrow meaning ? microfluids ? NEMS 8. Bionanoapplications - introduction ? biomimetcs ? application of nanomaterials in medicine ? contrast agents MRI ? hypertermia 9. Bionanoapplications ? Antimicrobial effects of nanoparticles ? Magnetic carries 10. Environmental and other aspects ? Health, ecological and social impacts of nanotechnologies

    Základy nanotechnologií 1 sticky icon

    Course: Nanotechnology 1

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANA1

    Year: 2016 2017

    Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Libor Machala, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: The aim of the subject is to familiarize students with basic kinds of nanomaterials and nanostructures, their physical ways of preparation and methods of analysis of their properties. Students are further informed about various applications of nanomaterials and nanostructures.

    Course review:
    1. Introduction to nanotechnology ? Definition of nanotechnology, brief history (applications, contexts) ? Kinds of nanomaterials ? Context with quantum physics ? Basic processes of nanomaterial syntheses 2. Physical basics of nanotechnology ? Quantum limitations, surface effect ? Scaling laws (effect of lowering on physical properties) ? Limits of size 3. Nanoparticles I: structure ? FCC, BCC and other related ? Clusters and magic numbers ? Optical properties ? Different types of clusters 4. Nanoparticles II: synthesis and applications ? Characterization of nanoparticles, particle size distribution ? Methods of preparation of nanoparticles (sol-gel, from gas phase, thermal decomposition, laser ablation etc.) ? A control of particle size distribution, stabilization ? Selected applications 5. Nanofilms ? Metods of synthesis of thin layers (CVD, sputtering, MBE etc.) ? Characterization of thin films ? Selected applications 6. Nanowires ? Properites of nanowires ? Balistic transport ? Methods of synthesis of nanorods (VLS synthesis) ? Application of nanorods 7. Carbon nanostructures ? Hybridization of carbon, unconventional bonds, bulk carbon structures ? Graphen and its electrical conductivity ? Carbon nanotubes ? fullerens ? carbon quantum dots and nanodiamonds 8. Nanocomposites and porous materials ? Definition of nanocomposites, differences from microcomposites ? Bulk nanostructure materials ? Nanocomposite glasses ? Porous silicon ? zeolites 9. Physical forces in nanoworld ? van der Waals forces and their nature ? Casimir force ? Hydrogen bond ? Other intersurface forces 10. Litography I ? Basics of litography ? rezists ? litography by using of beams (FIB, EBL) 11. Scanning probe nanolitography ? Local anodic oxidation ? dip-pen nanolitography 12. One-electron tunneling and Coulomb blockade 13. Selfordering and bottom-up techniques ? Principles of selfordering and selforganization ? Selfordered monolayers and other structures ? DNA nanolitography

    Nanotechnologické praktikum sticky icon

    Course: Practicals in Nanotechnology

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/NPR

    Year: 2016 2017

    Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: To obtain laboratory experience in the nanotechnology

    Course review:
    Scanning electron microscopy EDS analysis Atomic force microscopy Electron lithography Magnetooptical Kerr effect Chemical preparation of silver nanoparticles Thermal decomposition Preparation and characterization of thin films Photospectroscopy of quantum dots

    Studijní obor Počítačová fyzika sticky icon

    Počítačová fyzika je nově otevřený moderní bakalářský obor obsahující základy počítačů (operační systémy, pokročilé programování), fyziky (klasická a kvantová mechanika, molekulová fyzika, teorie elektromagnetického pole a optika) i aplikované matematiky. Umožňuje specializaci na počítačové řízení experimentů, kvantové zpracování informace nebo modelování fyzikálních dějů.

    Nově otevřené bakalářské studium sticky icon

    Od roku 2012/2013 je nově otevřeno bakalářské studium oboru Nanotechnologie. Studium může být zajímavé pro všechny středoškoláky, kteří mají zájem o přírodní vědy a moderní technologie.

    Studijní obor Nanotechnologie sticky icon

    V souvislosti s technickým pokrokem dochází v současnosti k rozvoji řady sofistikovaných vědeckých oblastí. Jednou z nich jsou nanotechnologie, vědy o chování, vlastnostech a vytváření struktur s rozměry blížícími se velikosti atomů. K jejich rozvoji dochází zvláště proto, že se očekávají velmi významné aplikace takových struktur v průmyslu všeho druhu, v lékařství, i jinde.