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Klíčová aktivita 3: Inovace bakalářského studia Aplikované fyziky a Přístrojové fyziky ve smyslu podpory výuky předmětů směřujících k informačním technologiím

Informatika 1 sticky icon

Course: Computer Science 1 (Computer Structure)

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/INF1

Year: 2016 2017

Guarantee: 'doc. Ing. Luděk Bartoněk, Ph.D.'

Annotation:

  • Displaying of information in computer systems, digital systems, fixed radix systems, basic codes used in computational technique

    Course review:
    1. Viewing information in computer systems . Number systems , polyadické system , the basic meaning of the codes codes used in computers. ( hexadecimal (8421 ), BCD, Gray code, control codes), information security in computing systems (parity, safety - Hamming codes). Character encoding and stored in a memory 2. Fundamentals of mathematical logic in terms of creation log. networks.(Boolean algebra, minimization of normal forms, Karnaugh method) simplification of Boolean functions, a complete system of logical functions, logical operators. 3. Basic logic gates and circuits in computer technology (flip-flops combinational, sequential flip- flops, registers, encoders, decoders, comparators, registers, counters, multiplexers. 4. Basic arithmetic and logical binary operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division in computer systems) controller functions. (parallel, serial adder ). 5. Computer memory (RAM, solid state memory types used in microcomputers). External computer memory types, applications. (magnetic memory, optical memory, disk arrays, backup devices) principle of data storage media. 6. Ways of cooperation of the computer. External, internal bus microcomputer breakdown by function , characteristics. 7. The general principle of computer functions (Von Neumann architecture), the base of microcomputers, graphics adapter, keyboard, standard in/out. interface BIOS - Setup). The scheme of universal microprocessor instruction set, the distribution of microprocessors 8. I/O interface - peripherals (monitor, keyboard, mouse, tablet, light pen, scanner, printers, plotters) way of creating characters, breakdown by functions, types and principles of operation , division by construction. 9. AD/DA converters as computer peripherals (parallel, successive approximation, dual saw progress and integration circuit). 10th Computer networks , network technical resources , topology , linking local area networks

Modelování a simulace sticky icon

Course: Modeling and Simulation

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/MOSI

Year: 2016 2017

Guarantee: 'doc. Ing. Luděk Bartoněk, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The course topics are focused on the methods and tools of modeling and simulation of real and designed continuous and digital systems by means of analog and digital computers.

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Course review:
1. Introduction - concepts (identification, simulation) 2. Experiment (planning, individuality, versatility, verification, experimental errors) 3. System (inputs , outputs, state, state variables, feedback) 4. Mathematically model (derivation, integration, delay) 5. Modeling of systems (abstract simulation model) 6. Basic concepts of systems theory (element, characterization, classification, continuity, confidentiality) 7. The basic principle of analog modeling (analog display, basic linear operating elements and units the simplest solution of differential equations) 8. Digital computer (numerical integration, Euler's method, the accuracy of numerical solutions) 9. Modeling of random events (methods of generating random variables, characteristics) 10.Basic concepts and techniques for modeling and simulation of digital systems ( Diagnosis of logic circuits, modeling faults). 11.Example of a computer neural network model of the "back-propagation" (back-propagation)

Virtuální instrumentace v experimentech sticky icon

Course: Virtual Instrumentation in Nucl. Physics

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/VIJF

Year: 2016 2017

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Jiří Pechoušek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: During lessons, students will reach knowledge about the principles of digital signal processing in nuclear physics experiments. Practically will be demonstrated methods of analyzing the signals from detectors, recently used in the research.

Course review:
1. Principles of the virtual instrumentation - usage of the LabVIEW, high-performance DAQ systems application, developing of the real-time systems with RTOS (PXI, CompactRIO, FPGA). 2. Synchronization and triggering techniques - signal processing synchronization and signal generation, analog and digital trigger types, how to start measurements. 3. Detector signal processing - types of the detectors (basic characteristics, output signals), digital signal processing, DSP techniques for acquiring/shaping/analysis of impulses, spectrometer dead-time optimization. 4. Amplitude and time signal analysis - how to measure SCA and MCA spectra, methods for impulses pile-up rejection and correction, measurement of the photon/particle time-of-flight (TOF). 5. Design of the Mössbauer spectrometer in VI - principles of the DAQ in MS, synchronization for generation of the source velocity signal and detector signal analysis, data accumulation, physical principles of the Mossbauer effect. 6. Coincidence methods - principles of the coincidence/anticoincidence measurements systems, DSP techniques for TOF determination, how to measure lifetime of the excited nuclear states, design of the time differential Mössbauer spectrometer (TDMS). 7. Distributed nuclear experiments - VI the world experiments.

 

SkriptaUčební text (PDF 6,6 MiB)

Přihláška projektuVzorové úlohy (PDF 13 MiB)

Kniha Číslicové měřicí systémy pro aplikovanou fyziku

Číslicové měřicí systémy pro aplikovanou fyzikuV rámci projektu Moderní technologie ve studiu aplikované fyziky byla vydána kniha Číslicové měřicí systémy pro aplikovanou fyziku, věnovaná převážně popisu měřicích systémů, založených na LabVIEW.

Kniha je neprodejná a dostupná na Katedře experimentální fyziky.

Případové studie National Instruments

Firma National Instruments, výrobce systémů pro virtuální instrumentaci, publikoval brožuru Příručka případových studií, věnovanou přednáškám, které zazněly na akci NI Academic & Research Days. Jednu kapitolu (str. 128 brožury), věnovanou experimentům v jaderné fyzice, napsal dr. Pechoušek z Katedry experimentální fyziky.

Inovace předmětů Číslicové měřicí systémy 1–4

V rámci klíčové aktivity 3 byla navržena inovace stávajících předmětů Číslicové měřicí systémy 1–4. Na základě dlouhodobých zkušeností došlo ke změnám v hodinových dotací a obsah přednášek byl inovován i s ohledem na nově nakoupené vybavení laboratoří.

Kniha o aplikacích LabVIEW

V nakladatelství InTechOpen vyšla kniha Practical Applications and Solutions Using LabVIEW™ Software, do které jednou kapitolou přispěl dr. Pechoušek z Katedry experimentální fyziky.