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Course: Instrumental Physics

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/SZZPA

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Hrabovský, DrSc.'

Annotation: Final exam for verification and evaluation of the level of knowledge.

Course review:
1. Structure of the measuring chain, converters of physical quantities to electrical quantities. 2. Sensors (detectors, converters) of visible light radiation, thermal and photoelectric detectors (photoelectric cell, photomultiplier, photoresistor, photodiode) 3. Sensors of temperature, resistive, semiconducting, thermoelectric, pyroelectric thermometers. 4. Detection of ionization radiation, scintillation, gaseous and semiconducting detectors, detection of charged particles, photon of gamma-rays, neutrons 5. Methods of vacuum obtaining, measurements of low pressures. 6. Methods of obtaining of low temperatures, cryostats 7. Analog processing of signals from the detectors, types of amplifiers, integration and differentiation of signals, amplitude and time analysis of signals 8. Digital processing of signals, logical circuits. 9. Digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital converters 10. Digital measuring instruments, digital oscilloscopes, measurement of time, frequency and phase shift, spectral analyzers 11. Nanosensors a nanometrology, analytic tools (STM, AFM) 12. Nano particles, basic application, nano fibers a nano textile, nano layers (epitaxy, CDV, plasma methods), nano composites and construction materials. 13. Radiometry, photometry, photometric values and its measurement. 14. Telescopes. Principle, basic classification, examples of utilization. 15. Optical microscopes, principle, basic classification, examples of utilization. 16. Lasers, principle, basic classification, examples of utilization 17. Light detectors, cameras, CCD. 18. Optical interferometer, principle, basic classification, examples of utilization.