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Course: Nuclear spectroscopy

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/SZZJX

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Libor Machala, Ph.D.', 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Mašláň, CSc.', 'prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Final exam for verification and evaluation of the level of knowledge.

Course review:
" Basic characteristics of output signals from detectors of radiation and particles: theoretical impuls, simulation of real signals, role of noise, amplitude, temporal and shape analysis of impulses, suppression and correction of impuls overlaps. " Principles of regisration of charged and neutral particles: Interaction of radiation with matter, Bethe-Bloch formula, ionization and braking losses, radiation length, Molier radius, nuclear interaction length. " Statistical character of measurement: binomial distribution, Gaussian distribution, Poissonian distribution, charakteristics of distribution. " Basic principles of scattering experiments, their classification, theoretical description. Scattering in energy and time domain. Examples of scattering experiments (NMR, Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, inelastic scattering). " Coincidence and anticoincidence measurements: determination of time-of-flight of a photon/particle into a detector, measurement of lifetimes and half-life decay. " Mössbauer spectroscopy: Mössbauer effect, hyperfine interactions, types of Mössbauer experiments. " Gamma-ray spectroscopy: interaction of gamma radiation with matter, spectrum of gamma radiation, application of gamma-ray spectroscopy. " Spectroscopy of electrons and positrons: interaction of light charges particles with matter, spectrum of beta radiation, application of beta-radiation spectroscopy. " Alpha decay spectroscopy and spectroscopy of heavy particles: interaction of heavy charged particles with matter, application of spectroscopy of heavy particles. " Spectroscopy of neutrons: interaction of neutrons with matter, detectors of neutrons, application of neutrons and spectroscopy of neutrons. " Neutrino: neutrino interactions, detection of neutrino. " Dosimetry: dosimetry units, biological effectiveness of radiation, radiation protection. " Synchrotron radiation and its application. Accelerator physics. " Nuclear magnetic resonance and its applications. " Measurement applications and modules for analog and digital signal processing (preamplifiers, amplifiers, shapers) and data analysis, systems for parallel and deterministics task processing. " Techniques for synchronization and initiation of measurement processes and signal generation (types of analog and digital trigger signals), manipulation with data (analysis, storage), state automat, master-slave, processing events, identification and minimization of death times of spectrocsopic systems. " Atomic and nuclear analytical methods: XRF, PIXE, XPS, neutron activation analysis, mass spectrometry.