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Course: General Physics

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/SZZFM

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Hrabovský, DrSc.'

Annotation: Final exam for verification and evaluation of the level of knowledge.

Course review:
1. Kinematics and dynamics of a mass point, Newton eqs. of motion. 2. Mechanics of the mass points system, mech. of the rigid body. 3. Gravit. field, Kepler. laws. 4. Fluid Mechanics, Archimedes Law, Bernoulli eq. 5. Oscillations and waves, Huygens princip., Doppler phenom. Acoustic. 6. Particle struct. of matter, statistic. view on the matter, Brown. motion. 7. Descr. of thermodyn. system, state of the system, equilibr. state, equilibr. process, internal energy, heat and temperature, ideal gas. 8. Basic laws of thermodynamics, work and heat, entropy, thermodyn. potentials, temperature, irreversible states, principle of entropy growth. 9. Molecular kinet. theory of gases, Maxwell law of molecules speeds distributions. 10. Transport phenomena: heat conduction, heat convection, radiation, diffusion, the First and the Second Fick Law. 11. Phase transitions, Clausius-Clapeyron eq. 12. Real gases, van der Waals eq., critic. point, Joule-Thomson phenom. 13. Thermodyn. properties of liquids. 14. Electrost. field in vacuum, Coulomb law, Gauss electrost. law. Induction. Capacity. Electrost. field in dielectrics, Polarization of dielectrics, susceptibility and permittivity. 15. Stationary electric. field, elect. current, Ohm law, Kirchhoff laws, superconductivity. 16. Stationary magnet. field. Biot-Savart-Laplace law, Lorentz force, forces acting on a charged particle in a magnet. field, Ampere law. 17. Non-stationary EM field, Faraday law of EM induction, transitional phenomenon in RL and RC circuits, AC current. Basic character. of alter. current and voltage, serial and parallel circ. RLC. 18. Elect. machines - transformers, generators and electro motors. 19. EM oscillations and waves, damped oscillations, forced oscillations, dipoles and antennas, Maxwell eq. 20. Geometric. optics, Fermat principle, law of reflection and refraction, imaging, prism, plan parallel plate. 21. Parax. optic. systems, Imaging eqs., basic points and planes, focal length, magnification, system of thin lenses. 22. Basic characteristic of optic. systems, restriction of rays in optic. system, pupils, diaphragms, field of view. Optic. system aberrations, spherical aberration, coma, field distort. and astigmatisms, distortion, chrom. aberrations, stigmat. imaging. 23. Wave optics, Maxwell theory of EM field, Fresnel laws, reflectiv. and transitiv. of optic. boundary. 24. Light diffraction, Fresn. and Fraunh. theory of diffr., classif. of optic. systems. 25. Interfer. of light, coherency, interferometers, holography. 26. Propag. of light in anisotropic medium, single axis and double axis crystals, double refraction, optic. activity. 27. Basic ideas in quantum physics, black body radiation, wave-corpuscular dualism, Schrödinger eq., model solving (particle in potential well, potential barrier), basics experiments. 28. Composition of electron shell, model of atom, hydrogen atom and its spectra. Atoms with more electrons, quantum numbers, orbital, spin, magnet. moment of atom. Pauli discrimination princip. 29. EM transitions in atom, transition probabil., selection rules, atomic spectroscopy, ext. fields influence on atomic spectra, laser. 30. Molecul. physics, conjunctions in molecules, bonds, diatomic and polyatomic molecules, molecular spectra, vibration and rotation of molecules, molecul. spectroscopy. 31. Physics of atomic nucleus, properties and nature of nucl. forces, nucl. models. Radioactivity, nucl. decay, decay chain, nucleus stability. 32. Nucl. reaction, conserv. law in nuclear reactions, classif. of nucl. reactions, fission reaction, thermonucl. reaction, energetic of nucl. reactions. 33. Nucl. physics applications, magnet. resonation, Mossbauer phenomen., neutron diffr., exploitation of radio nuclides, nucl. reactors, possible use of nucl. fission. 34. Dosimetry of ioniz. radiation, Protection organisms against radiation, biolog. effects of ioniz. radiation. 35. Cosmic ray. Element. particles. Classif. of element. particles, quark model of hadrons.