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Course: Quantum nonlinear photonics

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/KNFX

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Ondřej Haderka, Ph.D.', 'prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Students are assumed to master the topics described in the content of the subject.

Course review:
Quantum nonlinear effects as sources of nonclassical light. Description of nonlinear processes based on effective Hamitonians. Heisenberg equations and their operator solutions. Description of statistical properties of the quantized fields. Nonclassical effects in optical fields, their identification and quantification. Analysis of several kinds of nonlinear quantum effects: Second harmonic and sub-armonic generation, frequency up- and down-conversion, parametric amplification, parametric oscillations in resonators. Kerr effect, self-focusing, generation of solitons. Four-wave mixing and back-scattering, phase conjugation. Modern photonic structures for amplification and modulation of nonlinear interactions (waveguides, thin layers, photonic crystals), Quasi-phase-matching of nonlinear interactions. Quantum description of generation of photon pairs in the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion, properties of entangled photon pairs.