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VPO1X


Course: Wave and Geometrical Optics 1

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/VPO1X

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Bouchal, Dr.'

Annotation: Description and properties of electromagnetic radiation, basic types of optical media and their use Solution of Maxwell equations in ray optics approximation. Fundamentals of beam and Fourier optics.

Course review:
1. Description and properties of electromagnetic radiation, basic types of optical media and their use. 2. Solution of Maxwell equations in ray optics approximation, eikonal and equations, Fermat´s principle and its applications, vectorial form of the law of refraction. 3. Description of light propagation in non-homogeneous media, laminar media and media with spherical symmetry of the refractive index (Oslo simulations of Lunneburg, Wood and Maxwell lenses). 4. Media with cylindrical symmetry of refractive index, paraxial analysis of gradient lenses and fibers, simulations of gradient elements in Oslo. 5. Matrix optics and its use for paraxial imaging and analysis of resonator stability. 6. Paraxial optical beams, basic parameters and properties of Gaussian beams, measurement of waist radius and divergence. 7. Matrix transformation of Gaussian beams, optimal focusing and collimation, design of laser expanders. Propagation and transformation of Gaussian beams in Oslo and VirtualLab. 8. Nonstandard types of paraxial beams, their properties and use. Simulation of H-G and L-G beams in VirtualLab. 9. Nondiffractive beam solutions of Helmholtz equation for homogeneous and non-homogeneous media. Simulation of experiments on Bessel beams in VirtualLab. 10. Fourier representation of optical signal, propagation of light through free space, impulse response and frequency approach. 11. Principle of spatial filtering, filtering of laser beams, application of 4-f system to image filtering. Simulations of the spatial filtering in Matlab and VirtualLab.