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Course: Optical Systems and Instruments

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/SZZK3

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Bouchal, Dr.'

Annotation: Fundamentals of optical system design.

Course review:
1. Optical system of the eye, accommodation, spectral sensitivity and resolving power of the eye, color vision, chromatic triangle, additive and subtractive color mixing. 2. Basic photometric and radiometric quantities and units, black body radiation laws, Lambert source, color temperature, photometric laws of light propagation in optical systems. Incoherent light sources, incandescent and fluorescent lamps, electric discharge excitation source. 3. Paraxial optical parameters of the imaging components and systems, cardinal points, lens equation, optical invariants, optical power of optical ellements and systems. Matrix formalism in paraxial optics, the transformation matrix of basic optical elements and systems. 4. Function and application of basic optical devices. Basic parameters of magnifier, microscope, telescope and spectral instruments. 5. Operating principle, the basic types and elements of photographic equipment, basic types and optical parameters sensing lenses. 6. Ray bounding in optical systems, tracing of nonparaxial rays through spherical and aspherical surfaces, ray aberrations and their classification. Basics of design of the imaging systems and aberration correction. 7. Wave optics imaging, wave aberrations, pupil function. Basic imaging functions and criteria for evaluation of image quality, point spread function, Strehl ratio, optical transfer function for coherent and incoherent light. 8. Principle of laser operation, types of lasers, solid state, gas and semiconductor lasers. Laser applications in science and technology. 9. Properties of laser radiation, Gaussian beams and their parameters, focusing and collimation of laser beams, the principle of spatial filtering, construction of laser expanders and spatial filters.