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PGSKA


Course: Quantum Aspects of the Measurement

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/PGSKA

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Hradil, CSc.'

Annotation: Quantum theory of the measurement, basic principles of the quantum theory, quantum systems.

Course review:
-Quantum theory of the measurement, basic principles of the quantum theory, quantum systems, projection postulate -Uncertainty relation, "Heisenberg's" microscope, formalism of the quantum theory, ideal measurement, probabilistic operator measure (POM) -Implementation of the quantum theory of the measurement in quantum optics -Interference of the photon with itself, correlation of high orders, homodyne and heterodyne detection, measurement of the particle number operator and quadrature operators, non-classical states of light -Problem of the phase operator, measurement of the phase shift, interferometry and super-accurate measurements, simultaneous approximate measurement of the two non-commutating operators -Linear amplifiers and quantum noise, demolition and non-demolition measurements; measurement and quantum theory of the estimate, quantum tomography, "measurement" of the wave function of the system state