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PGSFF


Course: Questions in Philosophy of Physics

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/PGSFF

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Tomáš Opatrný, Dr.'

Annotation: General view of the structure and meaning of physical laws and historical development of physics.

Course review:
General view of the structure and meaning of physical laws and historical development of physics. Concepts of "reality", "matter", determinism and causality, deterministic chaos, beuty and truth of physical theories, symmetries in physics. Entropy, second law of thermodynamics, "heat death of the universe", Maxwell demon. Evolution of the concepts of energy, time, space, field, force, and their interpretation in high school physics. Common problems of physics education in other countries. Scientific exploration of nature. Basic physical paradigms and their historical evolution, origination of new theories. Phenomenology, measurements, reductionism. Philosophical interpretations of quantum mechanics and of general relativity. Antropic principles. Universe and microcosmos, four interactions and effort of their unification, "theory of everything". Relationship matter - mind, human and computer.