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Course: Geometrical and Wave Optics

Department/Abbreviation: OPT/O

Year: 2019

Guarantee: 'RNDr. Ivo Vyšín, CSc.'

Annotation: Classification of optics, electromagnetic radiation - history of optics, various fields of optics, laws of radiation, radiometry and photometry, sources of radiation.

Course review:
-Classification of optics, electromagnetic radiation - history of optics, various fields of optics, laws of radiation, radiometry and photometry, sources of radiation, Maxwell equations, mathematic description of light wave, phase and group velocity of light -Interaction of radiation with matter - behaviour of light at the interface of two dielectrics, Fresnel equations, reflectance and transmittance, change of phase after reflection at the interface, usage of total reflection, propagation of waves in homogeneous anisotropic dielectric medium, dispersion, absorption, application of polarized light -Polarization of light - generation of polarized light, natural and artificial refraction, optical activity, investigation of polarized light, polarization optical elements, applications of polarized light -Interference of light - conditions for interference, time and spatial coherence, method for obtaining of coherent sources, two-beam and many-beam interference, types of interferometers, use of light interference -Diffraction of light - types of diffraction, Huygens-Fresnel principle, calculation of diffraction integral, Fresnel zones, Fraunhofer diffraction, Babinet principle, diffraction at an edge, at a split, at a rectangle and at a circle slit -Use of diffraction of light - diffraction at a grating, types of gratings, grating spectroscopy, Fresnel lenses, holography, resolution power of optical systems -Geometrical optics, image equation - light ray, definition of optical imaging, sign convention, paraxial space, basic points of optical systems, refraction and reflection of meridian ray at the spherical surface, image equation: Newton, Gauss and Gullstrand image equation -Optical elements and materials for their production - optical materials, lenses, plane surfaces, refractive and reflective prisms, mirrors, fibre and planar waveguides -Restriction of ray beams - aperture diaphragm, field diaphragm, vignette diaphragm, imaging of space in one plane -Defects of imaging - spherical aberration, astigmatism and vaulting of image field, distortion of image, comma, chromatic aberration of a position, chromatic aberration of a size, wave aberration, evaluation of image quality -Visual optical instruments - magnifying glass, ocular, microscope, binoculars and telescope