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Course: Selected Lessons in Contemporary Physics

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/VPSFX

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Tomáš Opatrný, Dr.', 'Mgr. Lukáš Richterek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Bring to the students selected ideas of modern physical disciplines: basic ideas of standard cosmological model and quantum information theory. Improve their ability to get information of new results from contemporary literature and discuss it with their peers.

Course review:
Friedmann cosmological models: Basic principles of relativistic cosmology, Friedmann equation, Robertson-Walker metrics, density and pressure, Hubble law, light propagation in Friedmann models, observational parameters of the universe, future of the universe, age of the observed objects, photometric distance and Hubble diagrams. Basics of quantum information: Moore's law and the limits of computation, the idea of quantum computation. Problems of constructing a quantum computer. Quantum bits, gates, reversibility of quantum computation, combination of quantum gates, quantum Fourier transform. Shor algorithm, factorization of numbers. Grover algorithm, search in unordered lists. Quantum cryptography, entanglement, quantum teleportation. An important part of the subject are presentations in which students inform on new ideas they read in contemporary scientific literature and discuss with their peers.