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PGSJA


Course: Principles of Nuclear and Particle Phys.

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/PGSJA

Year: 2020

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Lubomír Dvořák, CSc.'

Annotation:

  • Introduction to the physics of the microworld, basic concepts of quantum physics.

    Course review:
    Introduction to the physics of the microworld, basic concepts of quantum physics

  • Hydrogen atom and its spectra, atoms with more electrons, Pauli exclusion principle, Hund rules, population of orbitals
  • Electromagnetic transitions in an atom, probabilities of transitions, selection rules
  • Atomic spectroscopy, influence of external fields on atomic spectra
  • Molecules, bonds in molecules, molecular spectroscopy
  • Atomic nucleus, protons, neutrons, basic characteristics of an atomic nucleus
  • Transformations of an atomic nucleus, models of an atomic nucleus, nuclear reactions (decay and synthesis)
  • Applications of nuclear physics - magnetic resonance, Mössbauer effect, neutron diffraction, utilization of radionuclides, nuclear reactors, possibilities of usage of synthesis of nuclei
  • Dosimetry of ionizing radiation, protection against ionizing radiation, biological effects of ionizing radiation
  • Cosmic radiation
  • Introduction to the physics of high energies, elementary particles, attempts of their systematization, interaction among elementary particles