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Course: Molecular Physics and Thermodynamics

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/MFTX

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'RNDr. Renata Holubová, CSc.'

Annotation: Basic course in molecular physics and thermodynamics about kinetic theory, therodynamic laws, transfer of heat, phase transitions.

Course review:
Basic findings of molecular physics: particle structure of the matter, atoms and molecules, number of moles, molar quantities, particle in a force field of the other particles, Brownian motion Thermodynamic system, state of a system equilibrium state, equilibrium process, reversible and irreversible processes, equilibrium state of a gas as a state with maximum probability, internal energy of a system, heat, ideal gas Laws of ideal gas Molecular kinetic theory of gases, Maxwell Law, analysis of the Maxwell Law. Thermodynamics - the laws of thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic functions Transport phenomena: heat conduction, Fourier equation for heat conduction, heat convection, radiation, diffusion, the First and the Second Fick Law, internal friction Phase transitions, Clausius-Clapeyron equation Real gases, Joule-Thomson phenomenon, condensation of gases Solids: crystalline and amorphous solids, crystal lattice and lattice parameters, energy of a crystal lattice, classification of crystals, crystal defects, thermal properties of solids, thermal linear and volume expansion, molar heat capacity of solids Liquids: structure of liquids, diffusion of liquids, osmosis, osmotic pressure, biological importance of osmosis, thermal conductance of liquids, viscosity of liquids Properties of liquid surface, surface layer, surface tension, pressure under curved liquid surface, capillarity, liquid compressibility, thermal expansion of liquids, water anomaly Thermodynamics and environmental physics