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Course: Physics 2

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FYCH2

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Lukáš Richterek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Selected chapters from mechanics, oscillations and waves and special theory of relativity at the level of the basic course of physics.

Course review:
Mechanics Kinematics and dynamics of a material point, types of motions, composition of motions. Force, laws of motion, equations of motion. Inertial and non-inertial systems, inertial forces, Coriolis force. Momentum, impulse, mechanical work, energy and power, momentum, conservation laws, particle collisions. Mechanics of a rigid body, moment of force, composition of forces, material center, equilibrium of a rigid body. Rotating motion, moment inertia. Shear friction and rolling resistance. Fluid mechanics. Hydrostatic and aerostatic pressure, atmospheric pressure, Pascal's and Archimedes' law. Hydrodynamics, continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation, real fluid flow, environmental resistance. 1st test 2. Construction of substances Laws of thermodynamics, thermal processes in gases, Carnot cycle, heating and cooling machines, entropy. Structure and properties of solids, deformation, Hooke's law. Structure and properties of fluids, surface tension, capillary phenomena. 3. Basics of special theory of relativity Special theory of relativity in the physical picture of the world, basic postulates, transition between reference systems connected with it relativistic effects (relativity of the present, contraction of length, dilation of time) and their experimental verification. Relativistic dynamics, energy, momentum, mass and the relationship between them, collisions and scattering of particles in terms of relativity, decay, creation and annihilation of a particle-antiparticle pair. 4. Mechanical oscillations and waves, acoustics Oscillations, kinematics and dynamics of harmonics, pendulum. Composition of oscillations, decomposition of oscillations into harmonic components, forced oscillations, resonances. Waves, successive waves at a number of points, reflection and interference of waves, standing waves, Huygens principle, reflection and refraction planar waves, nonrelativistic Doppler effect. Acoustics, consequences of the wave nature of sound, level of intensity and volume of sound, physical principle of some music instruments, ultrasound. 2nd test