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# BFS

**Course:** Seminar in Physics

**Department/Abbreviation:** KEF/BFS

**Year:** 2021

**Guarantee:** 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

**Annotation:** Basic topics in physics.

**Course review:**

- Thermodynamics and molecular physics, basic findings of kinetic theory of gases, basic equation for the pressure of the gas, relation between temperature and kinetic energy of the system, Maxwell law of distribution of speed of molecules in a gas, distribution function, Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics, laws of thermodynamics, definition of entropy, basics of kinetic theory of liquids and solids
- Electrodynamics, stationary electrical field, equation of continuity of electrical current, Kirchhoff laws and their usage in solving of electrical networks, steady electrical current in metallic conductors, semiconductors, electrolytes, gases and vacuum
- Stationary magnetic field, Biot-Savart-Laplace law, Lorentz force, forces acting on a charged particle and a conductor with electrical current in a magnetic field, magnetic field in matter medium, magnets
- Non-stationary electromagnetic field, Faraday law of electromagnetic induction, intrinsic and mutual induction, alternating electrical currents, electromagnetic oscillations and waves
- Maxwell theory of non-stationary electromagnetic field, application of theory on special types of fields (electrostatic, magnetostatic, stationary, quasistationary and non-stationary field)
- Laws of geometrical optics, geometrical (ray) imaging, reflection and refraction of light and their uses, basic types of optical systems, optical instruments
- Wave optics, physical essence, origin and propagation of optical radiation, wave equation, plane and spherical traveling wave, properties and classification of optical media, dispersion, absorption and scattering of light, description and properties of polarized light, classification of anisotropic materials and their uses, interference and coherence of light, diffraction of light, methods of description of light diffraction, Fresnel and Fraunhofer theory of diffraction, wave theory of imaging, principle of optical holohraphy, corpuscle-wave duality of light and matter quantum generators of light (lasers), basic nonlinear optical phenomena
- Atomic shell, models of atoms, electromagnetic radiation, quantization of electron orbits, atoms with more electrons, radiation phenomena in the atomic shell, corpuscle-wave duality, Bohr model of hydrogen atom
- Nucleus of the atom, composition, properties, model, radioactive decay, nuclear processes and energetics, ionizing radiation, dosimetry, elementary particles, interactions, laws of conservation
- Quantum ideas in physics, mathematical calculus of non-relativistic quantum mechanics (wave functions, operators of physical quantities, Schrödinger equation, spin of microparticle, Pauli equation), quantum theory of systems with many particles, particular application of quantum mechanics, general formulations of quantum mechanics