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Course: Physics

Department/Abbreviation: KBF/SZZM1

Year: 2021

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'


Course review:
1. Kinematics and dynamics of a particle. Newton's laws of motion. Work, energy, law of conservation of mechanical energy. The drive system of particles. Mechanics of rigid bodies. Universal gravitation. 2. Fluid Mechanics. Free undamped and damped harmonic oscillations. Forced harmonic oscillations. Standing waves. 3. Basic knowledge of molecular physics, the state of the system, the probability of steady- state equilibrium process, reversible and irreversible happening. The internal energy of a system is going in the ideal gas equation of state, specific and molar heat capacity. 4. Basic knowledge of the kinetic theory of gases, the basic equation for the gas pressure, the relationship between temperature and kinetic energy of the system. Maxwell's law of distribution of velocities in the gas distribution function, Maxwell - Boltzmann statistics. Laws of thermodynamics, entropy. Transport of heat by conduction, convection and radiation. Basic kinetic theory of liquids and solids. 5. Electrostatic field in vacuum and the dielectric, electrostatic induction. Potential electrostatic field uncharged conductor in electrostatic field. Capacity of conductors, capacitors. 6. Stationary electric field. Continuity equation of electric current, Kirchhoff's laws and their use in solving electrical networks. The steady electric current in metallic conductors, semiconductors, electrolytes, gases and a vacuum. 7. Stationary magnetic field, Biot - Savart - Laplace law, Lorentz force. The forces acting on the magnetic field on a charged particle and lead to shock. 8.Non-stationary electromagnetic fields, Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, self and mutual induction. Alternating current circuits with ideal solution elements R , L , C. Electromagnetic oscillations and waves. 9. Maxwell's theory of non-stationary electromagnetic fields, application of the specific field types, field oscillating dipole and electromagnetic wave propagation in unconstrained environments: lossless and lossy and electrically anisotropic, waves at the interface and Kirchhoff bending theory. 10.Theory of light propagation in isotropic dielectric dispersion and absorption of light photometry. Laws of ray optics, their symptoms and recovery. 11. Electromagnetic theory of reflection and refraction of light and its propagation in anisotropic dielectrics. Light polarization and optical activity of the compounds, coherence and interference of light. Diffraction and optical holography, corpuscular - wave dualism of light and materials, quantum light generators (lasers). Basic nonlinear optical phenomena. 12.Electromagnetic radiation. Atomic packaging model of the atom, atoms with more electrons, vibration phenomena in atomic packaging lasers. 13. The core of the atom, the composition, properties and models. Nuclear processes and energy. Dosimetry. Elementary particle interactions, conservation laws.