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(Předměty KEF a SLO)

Fyzika povrchů sticky icon

Course: Physics of surfaces

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FPOV

Year: 2019 2020

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Libor Machala, Ph.D.'

Annotation: The main aim is to learn students basic methods of study of physical properties of materials. Students are familiarized wit experimental techniques for characterization of surfaces as well.

Course review:
1. Ideal and real surface of solid matter. Crystal structure, purity, achievement of atomically pure surfaces, adsorption, desorption, electron structure of surfaces, types of bonding, electronegativity. 2. Work of exit. Theory, dependence on kind of matter and surrounding interactions, measuring and practical reason to measure work of exit. 3. Effect of heat thermoelectron and thermoion emission, surface ionization. 4. Incidence of electromagnetic irradiation. Photoelectron emission, fundamentals of photoemission spectroscopy. 5. Incidence of electrons. Secondary electron-electron emission, electron induced desorption, elastic reflection and diffraction of electrons, inelastic interaction of electrons with a surface, fundamentals of electron spectroscopy. 6. Vibration excitation on the surface of solid matter 7. Methods of study of surfaces of solid matter Microscopy (AFM, STM, UHV STM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Conversion electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy (CEMS), BET physisorption, chemisorption, low energy electron diffraction (LEED), surface X-ray diffraction (SXRD), Secondary Ions Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS). 8. Physics of surfaces of nanoobjects, selected application of surface nanostructures (e.g. photocatalysis of water splitting).


PrednáškaPřednáška (PDF 16 MiB)

Elektřina a magnetismus sticky icon

Course: Electricity and magnetism

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/EMGU

Year: 2019 2020

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

Annotation: The subject "Electricity and Magnetism" is based on lectures, numerical ecercises and practical training in laboratory. Lectures consist of historical findings and they are evolved on the basis of recent physics. Electrical and magnetical phenomenon will presented as associated with electromagnetic field. The understanding of electrical a magnetical phenomenon and their physical context with chemistry, biology and mathematics is crucial competence in this education.

Course review:
Circuit components in DC electric circuits - behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, methods of solving of electrical circuits, resistor bridges Circuit components in AC electric circuits - behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, measurements of capacitances, solving of electrical circuits and principle of superposition Nonlinear and controlled electrical components - characteristics of varistors, thermistors, diodes and light bulbs, contact resistance Basic properties of RLC electrical circuits - voltage on individual circuit components, currents in AC electrical circuits, power in AC electrical circuits, simulation software programmes Work with oscilloscope - basic operations of oscilloscope, characteristics of signals, True RMS values, Lissajous curves and measurement of phase shifts Magnetic circuit and magnetization curves - measurement of hysteresis loops, transformers, power losses in magnetic circuits Thermal dependence of electrical parameters Electromagnetic induction and magnetic field of coils Electrostatics


SkriptaNávod do praktik (PDF 2,3 MiB)

Otázky ke zkoušce(DOC 44 kiB)

Fyzika 1 sticky icon

Course: Physics 1

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FYCH1

Year: 2019 2020

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

Annotation: Basic course in physics - electricity and magnetism, optics, nuclear physics.

Course review:
Electricity and magnetism Electrostatic field Electrical field in dielectrics Steady electrical current Conduction of electrical field in metals, semiconductors, electrolytes and gases Alternating electrical currents, transformation of current and voltage Non-stationary electromagnetic field, electrical oscillations and waves Optics Geometrical optics Wave optics Optical measuring instruments, atomic physics Structure of atoms Natural and artificial radioactivity Nuclear transformations and nuclear energetics Elementary particles

PřednáškaElektřina a magnetismus (PDF 1,4 MiB)

PřednáškaAtomová a jaderná fyzika (PDF 814 kiB)

Základy nanotechnologií pro učitele sticky icon

Course: Nanotechnology

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANAU

Year: 2019 2020

Guarantee: 'doc. Mgr. Jiří Tuček, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Introduction to quantum mechanics. Carbon nanostructures . Nanoelectronics . Analytical measuring tools (STM, AFM) Application of nanotechnologies Risks of nanotechnologies

Course review:
> Introduction to quantum mechanics (theory and consequences)

  • Carbon nanostructures (carbon nanotubes, fullerenes)
  • Nanoparticles of metals and oxide metals
  • Nanomedicine (drug delivery, contrast agents)
  • Nanoelectronics (UVLSI, spintronics)
  • Nanofibres and nanotextiles, nanolayers (epitaxy, CDV, plasma methods)
  • Nanocomposites and constructive materials
  • Nanosensors and nanometrology
  • Analytical measuring tools (STM, AFM)
  • Application of nanotechnologies
  • Risks of nanotechnologies


    Přednášky probíhají současně s předmětem KEF/ZANA1.

  • Základy nanotechnologií 2 sticky icon

    Course: Nanotechnology 2

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANA2

    Year: 2019 2020

    Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Libor Machala, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: Tento předmět navazuje na předmět Fyzikální základy nanotechnologií 1. Zaměřen na aplikace nanotechnologií.

    Course review:
    1. Magnetic and optical properties of nanostructures ? Introduction to magnetism of nanostructures ? ?new? forms of magnetism ? Nanopigments, absorption spectra 2. Magnetic applications of nanostructures ? nanomagnets ? magnetic separation and purification ? ferrofluid technologies ? magnetocaloric refrigeration ? magnetic recording media 3. Nanomaterials for special applications ? For energy storage ? Gas sensors ? Photoelectrical applications 4. Litografie II ? Projective photolitography ? Another and special litographic techniques 5. Manipulation with nanoobject ? Manipulation with nanoobjects by using of SPM, FIB a EM ? Optical and magnetic tweezer ? nanomanipulators ? microequipments 6. Introduction to nanoelectronics ? Problems of current electronics ? Adaptation for nanosystems ? Selected architectures and equipment 7. Nano and mikrosystém technologies ? Basic principles of integration ? MEMS in narrow meaning ? microfluids ? NEMS 8. Bionanoapplications - introduction ? biomimetcs ? application of nanomaterials in medicine ? contrast agents MRI ? hypertermia 9. Bionanoapplications ? Antimicrobial effects of nanoparticles ? Magnetic carries 10. Environmental and other aspects ? Health, ecological and social impacts of nanotechnologies

    Základy nanotechnologií 1 sticky icon

    Course: Nanotechnology 1

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANA1

    Year: 2019 2020

    Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Libor Machala, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: The aim of the subject is to familiarize students with basic kinds of nanomaterials and nanostructures, their physical ways of preparation and methods of analysis of their properties. Students are further informed about various applications of nanomaterials and nanostructures.

    Course review:
    1. Introduction to nanotechnology ? Definition of nanotechnology, brief history (applications, contexts) ? Kinds of nanomaterials ? Context with quantum physics ? Basic processes of nanomaterial syntheses 2. Physical basics of nanotechnology ? Quantum limitations, surface effect ? Scaling laws (effect of lowering on physical properties) ? Limits of size 3. Nanoparticles I: structure ? FCC, BCC and other related ? Clusters and magic numbers ? Optical properties ? Different types of clusters 4. Nanoparticles II: synthesis and applications ? Characterization of nanoparticles, particle size distribution ? Methods of preparation of nanoparticles (sol-gel, from gas phase, thermal decomposition, laser ablation etc.) ? A control of particle size distribution, stabilization ? Selected applications 5. Nanofilms ? Metods of synthesis of thin layers (CVD, sputtering, MBE etc.) ? Characterization of thin films ? Selected applications 6. Nanowires ? Properites of nanowires ? Balistic transport ? Methods of synthesis of nanorods (VLS synthesis) ? Application of nanorods 7. Carbon nanostructures ? Hybridization of carbon, unconventional bonds, bulk carbon structures ? Graphen and its electrical conductivity ? Carbon nanotubes ? fullerens ? carbon quantum dots and nanodiamonds 8. Nanocomposites and porous materials ? Definition of nanocomposites, differences from microcomposites ? Bulk nanostructure materials ? Nanocomposite glasses ? Porous silicon ? zeolites 9. Physical forces in nanoworld ? van der Waals forces and their nature ? Casimir force ? Hydrogen bond ? Other intersurface forces 10. Litography I ? Basics of litography ? rezists ? litography by using of beams (FIB, EBL) 11. Scanning probe nanolitography ? Local anodic oxidation ? dip-pen nanolitography 12. One-electron tunneling and Coulomb blockade 13. Selfordering and bottom-up techniques ? Principles of selfordering and selforganization ? Selfordered monolayers and other structures ? DNA nanolitography

    Nanotechnologické praktikum sticky icon

    Course: Practicals in Nanotechnology

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/NPR

    Year: 2019 2020

    Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

    Annotation: To obtain laboratory experience in the nanotechnology

    Course review:
    Scanning electron microscopy EDS analysis Atomic force microscopy Electron lithography Magnetooptical Kerr effect Chemical preparation of silver nanoparticles Thermal decomposition Preparation and characterization of thin films Photospectroscopy of quantum dots Reactive ion etching

    Pokusy s jednoduchými pomůckami sticky icon

    Course: Hands free experiments

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/PJD

    Year: 2019 2020

    Guarantee: 'RNDr. Renata Holubová, CSc.'


    • Preparation and realization of experiments with the use of simple and easily available tools
    • Experiments with plastic bottles
    • Experiments with cans
    • Physics in a wallet
    • Physics in a bag
    • Physics in first-aid kits
    • Polystyrene physics
    • Paper in physics teaching
    • Toys in physics and physical toys
    • Optical delusions
    • Experiments with ceramic magnets
    • Black boxes

    Course review:
    Preparation and realization of experiments with the use of simple and easily available tools. Physics and the body. Physics and toys. Physics in the kitchen. Physics and criminology. Experiments and film.

    Seminář z aplikace nanotechnologií sticky icon

    Course: Nanotechnology Application

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/BSAN

    Year: 2019 2020

    Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Miroslav Mašláň, CSc.'

    Annotation: This study course is concentrated on current "hot" topics of nanotechnologies.

    Course review:
    This study course is focused on current "hot" topics of nanotechnologies. The examples of the study topics are as follows:

    • Purification of water by means of reductive technologies with the use of nanoparticles iron
    • Graphene structures
    • Photocatalytic application of TiO2
    • Magnetic ferrofluids

    Dipl. seminář z fyziky III + práce sticky icon

    Course: M.Sc. Thesis Tutorial in Physics 3

    Department/Abbreviation: KEF/DIP3

    Year: 2019 2020

    Guarantee: 'RNDr. Renata Holubová, CSc.'

    Annotation: Finalisation of the diploma thesis. Presentation in the seminar.

    Course review:
    Finalisation of the diploma thesis. Presentation.