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Studijní předměty


Rozpis přednášek ZANAN/ZANAT sticky icon

Jednotlivé přednášky mají různí přednášející podle níže uvedeného rozpisu.

Místo a čas: úterý 13.15–14.45 na učebně LP-5006

Základy nanotechnologií sticky icon

Course: Nanotechnology

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/ZANAN

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Introduction to the nanotechnology and its applications.

Course review:
Fundamentals of nanotechnology Introduction into quantum mechanics Nanoscopy Structure of nanomaterials Solid-state synthesis of nanomaterials Carbon nanostructures Photonic nanostructures Lithography Applications of nanotechnology in medicine Applications of nanotechnology in environment Riscs of nanotechnology

Lékařská přístrojová technika 2 sticky icon

Course: Medical Instrumentation 2

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/LPT2

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'doc. RNDr. Roman Kubínek, CSc.'

Annotation:

    Diagnostic methods, diagnostic applications of biopotentials , displaying methods in medical diagnostics, CT, MRI, ultrasound diagnostics, endoscopic diagnostic. Therapeutic methods .

    Course review:
    Diagnostic methods - definition of biosignal and its role in diagnostic-information system, amplifiers of biopotentials, sensing electrodes, origin, scanning and diagnostic applications of biopotentials (EKG, EMG, EEG), phonocardiography, measurement of blood flow and minute blood volume, pletysmography, measurement of blood pressure and pulse rate, devices for measurement of mechanics of breathing, classical X-ray diagnostic methods (skiascopy, skiagraphy), displaying methods in medical diagnostics, CT, MRI, ultrasound diagnostics (displaying, measuring of blood flow), endoscopic diagnostic (therapeutic) methods (construction of endoscope) Therapeutic methods - defibrillators, cardiac pacemakers, neuromuscular stimulators, urostimulators, gastrostimulators, magnetotherapy, diathermy, ultrasound therapy, treatment by ionization radiation - nuclear medicine, radiotherapy, Leksell gamma knife Surgical methods - kryosurgery, electrotomy and thermocoagulation, ultrasound surgery, applications of impulse waves, lasers and their medical uses Other methods - ventilating and anesthesiological systems, extra-corporeal cardiopulmonary circulation, extra-corporeal renal circulation (haemodialysis, haemofiltration, plasmapherosis), cardiac pacemakers, electrodes, hearing supports </ul>

     

    PrezentacePrezentace (ZIP PDF 18 MiB)

    PrezentacePřehledová prezentace (PDF 3,5 MiB)

Fyzika II (mech., molekul. fyz.) sticky icon

Course: Physics 2 (Mechanics and Mol. Physics)

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FYB2

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Lukáš Richterek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Selected topics in mechanics, oscilations and waves and molecular physics and thermodynamics at the level of the basic undergraduate course.

Course review:

  • Classification of physical quantities, system of SI units
  • Kinematics of mass point
  • Dynamics of mass point
  • Gravitational field, motions in the gravitational field of the Earth
  • System of mass points, solids
  • Oscillations and waves
  • Hydrostatics and hydrodynamics
  • Molecular physics
  • Basics of thermodynamics
  • Acoustics - origin of sound, propagation of sound, ultrasound

 

Teoretická mechanika sticky icon

Course: Fundamentals of Mechanics

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/TMN

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Lukáš Richterek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Introduction to the study of theoretical physics, Lagrange formalism of mechanics, Mechanics of a solid body, Hamilton formalism of mechanics. Introduction to mechanics of continuum.

Course review:

  • Introduction to the study of theoretical physics, mechanics of a particles and particle system, components of velocity and acceleration, velocity and acceleration in curvilinear coordinates, dynamics of a particle, Newton Laws, particular problem from dynamics of a particle, system of particles, d'Alembert principle and equations of motion of a particle system, centre of mass of a system, classical integrals of motion, motion of a particle with variable mass
  • Lagrange formalism of mechanics, systems subjected to bonds, classification of bonds, principle of virtual work and it applications, d'Alembert-Lagrange principle, Lagrange equations of the first kind and the second kind and their solutions for some particular situations, small oscillations of mechanical systems
  • Mechanics of a solid body, basic terms from kinematics of a solid body, translation and rotation of a solid body, tensor of inertia and moments of inertia, Euler equations, motion of flywheels, motions in rotating systems
  • Hamilton formalism of mechanics, Hamilton principle, Hamilton canonic equations, canonic transformations and their invariants, laws of conservation
  • Introduction to mechanics of continuum, tensor of stress, volume and surface forces, vector of stress, equation of equilibrium of continuum, equations of motion of continuum, vector of displacement and tensor of deformation, generalized Hook Law, equation of equilibrium of an isotropic elastic body, equations of motion of an isotropic elastic body, oscillations and waves in an elastic body, vibration of elastic bodies, equation of a string
  • Basics of mechanics of fluids, statics of fluids, equations of motion of an ideal fluid and their integrals, irrotational (steady) flow, motion of a viscous fluid, Navier-Stokes equation and theory of similarity

 Stránka se studijními materiály

Praktikum z elektroniky sticky icon

Course: Practicals in Electronics

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/PEL

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Experimental measurements in electronics.

Course review:
Measurements of properties of passive semiconducting two-pole circuit components Properties of rectifiers of AC current - one-way and two-way rectifiers, smoothing, factor of stabilization Measurements of static characteristics of bipolar transistor and single-stage transistor amplifier Static applications of operational amplifiers - non-sign-changing and sign-changing amplifiers, summators, rectifiers Dynamical applications of operational amplifiers - differentiators, integrators, active filters, synthetic inductances Combinational logic circuits - basic logic gates, realization of logic functions, digital summators, multiplexers Sequential logic circuits - flip-flop circuits, shift and circular registers, counters Harmonic analysis of electrical signals - spectrum of sine, rectangular and rectified signal, distortion of an amplifier in a saturation Timer 555

 

SkriptaSkripta (PDF 2,2 MiB)

Termodynamika a statistická fyzika sticky icon

Course: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Department/Abbreviation: SLO/TSFN

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'prof. RNDr. Jan Peřina, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Understand the basic methods in the description of systems in thermodynamics and statistical physics.

Course review:
- The first law of thermodynamics, state parameters, state equations, state of thermodynamic equilibrium - Heat, adiabatic process, reversible and irreversible processes, heat capacity, the second law of thermodynamics, Caratheodor principle, absolute temperature, entropy, Carnot cycle - Thermodynamic potentials, Joule-Thompson phenomenon - Thermodynamics of systems with variable number of particles, chemical potentials, grand-canonical potential, Gibbs-Duhem equation, thermodynamic potentials of dielectrics and magnetics - Thermodynamic potentials of non-equilibrium systems, principle of increase of entropy, conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium, Guldberg-Wage law, Braun-Le Chatelier principle, Gibbs rule of phases - Phase transitions, phase transitions of the first order, Clausius-Clapeyron equations, phase transitions of the second order, Ehrenfest equations, Landau theory of phase transitions of the second order, transition from ferromagnetism to paramagnetism, Curie-Weiss law - The third thermodynamic law - Description of many-particle system, phase space, laws of conservation (Noether theorem), statistical set, Liouville theorem, ergodic problem, Tolman hypothesis, density of quantum states - Micro-canonical, canonical and grand-canonical set, equation of state of canonical system, entropy - Statistical division of the system of free particles, formalism of the second quantization, grand-canonical partition function, distribution laws of ideal gases - Ideal Maxwell-Boltzmann gas, equipartition theorem, specific heats of model physical systems, chemical reaction in gaseous mixture, ideal fermion gas, electron gas in homogeneous magnetic field, diamagnetism, paramagnetism, Curie law - Ideal boson gas, radiation of absolutely black body, Planck law, phonon systems, Einstein model of the crystal, Debye theory of heat capacities - Boltzmann non-ideal gas, virial equation of state, Einstein theory of fluctuations, Onsager relations of reciprocity

Fyzikální praktikum (elektřina a magnetismus) sticky icon

Course: Practicals in Electricity and Magnetism

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FP2

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'Mgr. Milan Vůjtek, Ph.D.'

Annotation: Laboratory tasks in electricity and magnetism.

Course review:
Circuit components in DC electric circuits - behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, methods of solving of electrical circuits, resistor bridges Circuit components in AC electric circuits - behaviour of resistors, capacitors and coils, measurements of capacitances, solving of electrical circuits and principle of superposition Nonlinear and controlled electrical components - characteristics of varistors, thermistors, diodes and light bulbs, contact resistance Basic properties of RLC electrical circuits - voltage on individual circuit components, currents in AC electrical circuits, power in AC electrical circuits, simulation software programmes Work with oscilloscope - basic operations of oscilloscope, characteristics of signals, True RMS values, Lissajous curves and measurement of phase shifts Magnetic circuit and magnetization curves - measurement of hysteresis loops, transformers, power losses in magnetic circuits Thermal dependence of electrical parameters Electromagnetic induction and magnetic field of coils Electrostatics

 

SkriptaSkripta (PDF 2,3 MiB)

Molekulová fyzika a termodynamika sticky icon

Course: Molecular Physics and Thermodynamics

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/MFT

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'RNDr. Renata Holubová, CSc.'

Annotation: Molecular physics and thermodynamics - a part of the basic course of physics for all physics students.

Course review:

  • Basic findings of molecular physics: particle structure of the matter, atoms and molecules, number of moles, molar quantities, particle in a force field of the other particles, Brownian motion
  • Thermodynamic system, state of a system equilibrium state, equilibrium process, reversible and irreversible processes, equilibrium state of a gas as a state with maximum probability, internal energy of a system, heat, ideal gas
  • Laws of ideal gas
  • Molecular kinetic theory of gases, Maxwell Law, analysis of the Maxwell Law.
  • Thermodynamics - the laws of thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic functions
  • Transport phenomena: heat conduction, Fourier equation for heat conduction, heat convection, radiation, diffusion, the First and the Second Fick Law, internal friction
  • Phase transitions, Clausius-Clapeyron equation
  • Real gases, Joule-Thomson phenomenon, condensation of gases
  • Solids: crystalline and amorphous solids, crystal lattice and lattice parameters, energy of a crystal lattice, classification of crystals, crystal defects, thermal properties of solids, thermal linear and volume expansion, molar heat capacity of solids
  • Liquids: structure of liquids, diffusion of liquids, osmosis, osmotic pressure, biological importance of osmosis, thermal conductance of liquids, viscosity of liquids
  • Properties of liquid surface, surface layer, surface tension, pressure under curved liquid surface, capillarity, liquid compressibility, thermal expansion of liquids, water anomaly
  • Thermodynamics and environmental physics

 

SkriptaSkripta (PDF 2,6 MiB)

Fyzikální praktikum (molekulová fyzika) sticky icon

Course: Practicals in Molecular Physics

Department/Abbreviation: KEF/FP3

Year: 2018 2019

Guarantee: 'RNDr. Renata Holubová, CSc.'

Annotation: Laboratory tasks for the physical practicum (molecular physics and thermodynamics).

Course review:
List of laboratory tasks for the physical practicum (molecular physics and thermodynamics) Laws of gases Molar heat capacity Surface tension Calorimetry measurement Heat transmission Heat conduction Viscosity of liquids I. Viscosity of liquids II. + measurement of specific latent heat of fusion of ice-to-water transformation Joule-Thomson law Adiabatic coefficient of gases

 

SkriptaSkripta (PDF 3,7 MiB)